乐乐茶正西北边首家制茶厂儿子落户正西服置赛格副首店花样表态

2020年中国确立银行校园招聘微少收效实松恢复(附:网申入口)

我的母亲教案:360智能扫地机具人s7

2019年11月13日 22:23

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【试】【题】【导】【入】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【的】【家】【乡】【每】【天】【都】【在】【变】【化】【着】【,】【城】【市】【在】【变】【化】【,】【农】【村】【在】【变】【化】【,】【人】【们】【的】【生】【活】【在】【变】【化】【。】【楼】【房】【越】【来】【越】【多】【,】【房】【屋】【越】【来】【越】【亮】【堂】【,】【道】【路】【越】【来】【越】【宽】【,】【路】【边】【绿】【化】【也】【越】【来】【越】【美】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【人】【们】【在】【追】【求】【物】【质】【生】【活】【的】【同】【时】【,】【对】【精】【神】【生】【活】【也】【有】【了】【新】【的】【追】【求】【。】【衣】【食】【无】【忧】【的】【人】【们】【开】【始】【关】【注】【外】【面】【的】【世】【界】【,】【关】【注】【中】【国】【的】【经】【济】【发】【展】【,】【关】【注】【世】【界】【的】【热】【点】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【你】【留】【心】【身】【边】【的】【这】【种】【变】【化】【了】【吗】【?】【细】【致】【观】【察】【并】【深】【切】【感】【受】【你】【身】【边】【的】【这】【种】【变】【化】【,】【用】【生】【动】【的】【文】【笔】【描】【绘】【你】【的】【所】【察】【所】【思】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【以】【“】【家】【乡】【新】【变】【化】【”】【为】【话】【题】【写】【一】【篇】【作】【文】【,】【文】【体】【不】【限】【,】【题】【目】【自】【拟】【,】【6】【0】【0】【字】【以】【上】【。】【要】【写】【出】【真】【感】【受】【、】【真】【变】【化】【,】【既】【可】【写】【事】【物】【,】【又】【可】【写】【人】【物】【,】【切】【忌】【泛】【泛】【而】【谈】【,】【空】【洞】【乏】【味】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【作】【指】【导】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【描】【写】【家】【乡】【的】【新】【变】【化】【,】【必】【须】【细】【致】【观】【察】【并】【深】【切】【感】【受】【这】【种】【变】【化】【:】【感】【受】【社】【会】【现】【象】【的】【变】【化】【,】【感】【受】【发】【展】【动】【力】【的】【变】【化】【;】【感】【受】【物】【质】【生】【活】【的】【变】【化】【,】【感】【受】【精】【神】【世】【界】【的】【变】【化】【。】【比】【如】【乡】【村】【的】【城】【镇】【化】【,】【农】【业】【的】【现】【代】【化】【,】【手】【机】【的】【普】【及】【化】【,】【衣】【着】【的】【时】【尚】【化】【,】【轿】【车】【的】【家】【庭】【化】【,】【城】【市】【的】【园】【林】【化】【,】【街】【道】【的】【宽】【敞】【化】【,】【建】【筑】【的】【个】【性】【化】【,】【饮】【食】【的】【营】【养】【化】【,】【科】【技】【的】【尖】【端】【化】【,】【精】【神】【的】【多】【彩】【化】【…】【…】【要】【把】【握】【自】【己】【最】【感】【兴】【趣】【的】【一】【点】【,】【积】【累】【感】【受】【和】【灵】【感】【,】【有】【话】【可】【说】【,】【以】【小】【见】【大】【,】【能】【感】【染】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【变】【化】【,】【就】【要】【注】【重】【写】【今】【昔】【的】【对】【比】【。】【既】【可】【写】【人】【物】【、】【事】【物】【的】【变】【化】【,】【又】【可】【写】【景】【物】【的】【变】【化】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【描】【写】【家】【乡】【的】【新】【变】【化】【,】【自】【然】【要】【以】【记】【叙】【为】【主】【,】【要】【选】【取】【典】【型】【而】【生】【动】【的】【事】【例】【,】【由】【“】【点】【”】【入】【手】【,】【以】【点】【示】【面】【,】【从】【而】【充】【分】【地】【表】【达】【意】【旨】【。】【比】【如】【写】【人】【,】【要】【写】【出】【人】【物】【精】【神】【世】【界】【的】【变】【化】【;】【写】【事】【物】【,】【要】【写】【出】【事】【物】【变】【化】【的】【过】【程】【,】【要】【注】【重】【事】【例】【的】【细】【节】【化】【、】【故】【事】【化】【、】【生】【动】【化】【,】【切】【忌】【面】【面】【俱】【到】【,】【泛】【泛】【而】【述】【,】【空】【洞】【无】【物】【。】【比】【如】【下】【面】【这】【段】【文】【字】【—】【—】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【来】【到】【了】【家】【乡】【,】【啊】【!】【真】【美】【!】【难】【道】【这】【是】【我】【的】【眼】【睛】【花】【了】【?】【我】【揉】【了】【揉】【眼】【睛】【,】【没】【有】【呀】【?】【本】【来】【以】【前】【那】【坑】【坑】【洼】【洼】【、】【崎】【岖】【不】【平】【的】【小】【路】【,】【现】【在】【已】【变】【成】【一】【条】【平】【平】【坦】【坦】【的】【柏】【油】【路】【,】【路】【两】【旁】【种】【满】【了】【花】【草】【树】【木】【,】【蜜】【蜂】【在】【唱】【歌】【,】【蝴】【蝶】【在】【跳】【舞】【,】【高】【楼】【大】【厦】【拔】【地】【而】【起】【。】【我】【和】【爸】【爸】【来】【到】【叔】【叔】【家】【,】【哇】【,】【叔】【叔】【家】【也】【变】【了】【,】【房】【子】【很】【大】【很】【大】【,】【墙】【壁】【刷】【得】【雪】【白】【雪】【白】【的】【,】【装】【修】【豪】【华】【。】【家】【具】【也】【是】【崭】【新】【的】【,】【刻】【着】【龙】【凤】【图】【案】【。】【他】【们】【再】【也】【不】【用】【灶】【头】【煮】【东】【西】【了】【,】【都】【换】【成】【煤】【气】【炉】【,】【方】【便】【快】【捷】【…】【…】【我】【好】【像】【到】【了】【人】【间】【仙】【境】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【以】【上】【文】【字】【缺】【乏】【深】【切】【的】【感】【受】【,】【蜻】【蜓】【点】【水】【,】【面】【面】【俱】【到】【,】【泛】【泛】【堆】【砌】【,】【且】【有】【一】【些】【说】【大】【话】【、】【喊】【口】【号】【的】【意】【味】【,】【自】【然】【空】【洞】【乏】【味】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【在】【叙】【述】【手】【法】【上】【,】【可】【巧】【用】【倒】【叙】【,】【以】【求】【详】【略】【得】【当】【,】【举】【重】【若】【轻】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【□】【佳】【作】【展】【示】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【家】【有】【电】【视】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【○】【 】【孟】【庆】【杰】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【快】【看】【呐】【,】【唱】【戏】【了】【。】【”】【奶】【奶】【乐】【呵】【呵】【地】【指】【着】【电】【视】【,】【来】【了】【精】【神】【。】【“】【奶】【奶】【,】【这】【戏】【有】【啥】【看】【头】【?】【慢】【腔】【柔】【调】【急】【死】【人】【。】【咱】【看】【动】【画】【片】【吧】【。】【动】【画】【片】【就】【是】【小】【人】【们】【演】【戏】【,】【可】【好】【看】【啦】【!】【”】【妹】【妹】【搂】【着】【奶】【奶】【的】【脖】【子】【说】【。】【我】【插】【话】【道】【:】【“】【奶】【奶】【,】【中】【央】【台】【正】【播】【放】【‘】【星】【光】【大】【道】【’】【呢】【。】【可】【热】【闹】【啦】【。】【”】【妹】【妹】【不】【甘】【示】【弱】【,】【又】【想】【开】【口】【巧】【辩】【。】【妈】【妈】【搭】【腔】【:】【“】【你】【奶】【奶】【看】【电】【视】【的】【时】【候】【少】【,】【这】【次】【就】【依】【你】【奶】【奶】【,】【别】【捣】【乱】【,】【都】【一】【边】【看】【书】【去】【!】【”】【我】【跟】【妹】【妹】【做】【个】【鬼】【脸】【,】【不】【再】【吭】【声】【。】【“】【我】【看】【戏】【又】【看】【不】【出】【道】【道】【,】【光】【看】【热】【闹】【。】【孩】【子】【们】【识】【字】【,】【看】【了】【长】【见】【识】【,】【愿】【看】【啥】【就】【看】【啥】【吧】【。】【”】【奶】【奶】【唠】【叨】【起】【来】【,】【“】【这】【玩】【意】【也】【真】【好】【,】【啥】【节】【目】【都】【有】【…】【…】【”】【小】【妹】【一】【边】【赶】【紧】【调】【换】【成】【动】【画】【片】【,】【一】【边】【同】【奶】【奶】【套】【近】【乎】【:】【“】【奶】【奶】【,】【您】【小】【时】【候】【没】【电】【视】【看】【,】【多】【闷】【人】【啊】【。】【”】【这】【下】【儿】【,】【奶】【奶】【敞】【开】【了】【话】【匣】【子】【:】【“】【我】【那】【小】【时】【候】【还】【能】【同】【你】【们】【比】【?】【那】【时】【候】【能】【有】【口】【饭】【吃】【就】【蛮】【好】【了】【。】【解】【放】【了】【,】【世】【道】【太】【平】【了】【,】【村】【里】【常】【来】【戏】【班】【子】【唱】【戏】【,】【一】【演】【就】【两】【三】【个】【晚】【上】【。】【人】【们】【一】【看】【就】【大】【半】【夜】【。】【现】【在】【的】【人】【真】【能】【,】【都】【钻】【到】【电】【视】【里】【演】【戏】【了】【!】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【对】【奶】【奶】【话】【最】【感】【兴】【趣】【的】【是】【妈】【妈】【。】【妈】【妈】【接】【上】【话】【茬】【:】【“】【我】【像】【你】【们】【这】【么】【大】【的】【时】【候】【,】【最】【爱】【看】【电】【影】【了】【。】【”】【“】【你】【到】【哪】【儿】【的】【电】【影】【院】【去】【看】【啊】【?】【”】【妹】【妹】【好】【奇】【地】【问】【。】【妈】【妈】【说】【:】【“】【哪】【里】【是】【到】【什】【么】【电】【影】【院】【呐】【。】【那】【时】【候】【公】【社】【里】【的】【电】【影】【队】【一】【年】【到】【每】【个】【村】【放】【几】【次】【电】【影】【。】【电】【影】【队】【来】【本】【村】【呀】【,】【我】【就】【催】【家】【人】【早】【早】【做】【饭】【,】【吃】【饭】【。】【没】【等】【天】【黑】【,】【人】【家】【影】【布】【扯】【起】【来】【,】【我】【就】【搬】【矮】【凳】【抢】【占】【个】【好】【地】【方】【。】【有】【时】【候】【饭】【都】【顾】【不】【上】【吃】【,】【饿】【着】【肚】【子】【看】【完】【电】【影】【再】【回】【家】【吃】【。】【外】【村】【放】【电】【影】【,】【我】【就】【跟】【着】【大】【人】【们】【去】【。】【那】【时】【候】【哇】【,】【看】【电】【影】【可】【是】【新】【鲜】【事】【,】【十】【几】【个】【村】【子】【的】【人】【挤】【成】【黑】【压】【压】【一】【片】【。】【有】【时】【候】【电】【影】【放】【到】【半】【夜】【,】【人】【们】【还】【在】【看】【。】【有】【时】【有】【人】【搞】【恶】【作】【剧】【,】【说】【外】【村】【来】【了】【电】【影】【,】【我】【们】【就】【急】【匆】【匆】【赶】【了】【去】【,】【结】【果】【挨】【了】【骗】【,】【就】【只】【好】【一】【路】【吵】【吵】【嚷】【嚷】【,】【屁】【颠】【屁】【颠】【地】【赶】【回】【来】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【奶】【奶】【搭】【话】【:】【“】【还】【是】【你】【们】【有】【福】【。】【饭】【来】【张】【口】【,】【衣】【来】【伸】【手】【。】【没】【事】【就】【待】【在】【家】【里】【看】【电】【视】【,】【你】【们】【生】【在】【什】【么】【时】【候】【哇】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【有】【什】【么】【福】【呀】【?】【”】【妹】【妹】【一】【努】【嘴】【,】【“】【人】【家】【都】【是】【二】【十】【五】【寸】【、】【二】【十】【九】【寸】【的】【大】【彩】【电】【了】【,】【咱】【家】【还】【是】【这】【么】【个】【二】【十】【一】【寸】【的】【!】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【你】【这】【个】【小】【妮】【子】【,】【身】【在】【福】【中】【还】【不】【知】【足】【!】【”】【奶】【奶】【脸】【一】【阴】【,】【有】【点】【生】【气】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【妹】【妹】【吐】【了】【吐】【舌】【头】【躲】【一】【边】【。】【我】【拉】【着】【奶】【奶】【的】【手】【说】【:】【“】【奶】【奶】【,】【咱】【家】【也】【该】【买】【大】【彩】【电】【了】【,】【大】【彩】【电】【比】【小】【的】【更】【好】【看】【。】【买】【了】【大】【彩】【电】【,】【这】【小】【彩】【电】【就】【归】【你】【自】【己】【,】【光】【让】【你】【看】【戏】【。】【行】【吧】【,】【奶】【奶】【?】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【咱】【家】【是】【该】【买】【大】【彩】【电】【了】【。】【这】【事】【已】【列】【入】【计】【划】【,】【近】【期】【就】【办】【!】【要】【买】【,】【就】【买】【好】【的】【,】【买】【一】【台】【液】【晶】【大】【屏】【的】【,】【而】【且】【连】【电】【脑】【一】【块】【买】【。】【年】【底】【看】【中】【央】【电】【视】【台】【春】【节】【晚】【会】【,】【保】【证】【看】【的】【是】【大】【彩】【电】【!】【”】【爸】【爸】【在】【外】【屋】【发】【表】【“】【严】【正】【声】【明】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【妹】【妹】【乐】【了】【:】【“】【电】【脑】【归】【我】【!】【”】【爸】【爸】【忙】【说】【:】【“】【是】【为】【了】【你】【和】【你】【姐】【姐】【的】【学】【习】【买】【的】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【奶】【奶】【一】【听】【笑】【了】【,】【妈】【妈】【笑】【了】【。】【我】【和】【妹】【妹】【也】【笑】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【时】【候】【,】【妹】【妹】【调】【换】【了】【频】【道】【,】【电】【视】【里】【播】【放】【的】【是】【奶】【奶】【最】【爱】【看】【的】【戏】【—】【—】【“】【咿】【呀】【咿】【呀】【咿】【咿】【呀】【呀】【…】【…】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【点】【评】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【本】【文】【围】【绕】【家】【庭】【关】【于】【电】【视】【的】【话】【题】【,】【单】【刀】【直】【入】【,】【如】【数】【家】【珍】【,】【曲】【折】【细】【腻】【,】【摇】【曳】【多】【姿】【,】【巧】【忆】【往】【事】【,】【今】【昔】【对】【比】【,】【反】【映】【了】【百】【姓】【生】【活】【水】【平】【的】【不】【断】【提】【高】【,】【折】【射】【了】【时】【代】【的】【巨】【大】【变】【化】【,】【以】【小】【见】【大】【,】【意】【旨】【深】【切】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【通】【篇】【以】【人】【物】【对】【话】【而】【制】【胜】【。】【对】【话】【富】【有】【浓】【郁】【的】【生】【活】【气】【息】【,】【个】【性】【鲜】【明】【。】【特】【别】【是】【奶】【奶】【的】【话】【,】【别】【有】【情】【趣】【。】【文】【章】【结】【构】【简】【明】【自】【然】【,】【一】【气】【呵】【成】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【开】【心】【练】【笔】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【以】【“】【身】【边】【的】【变】【化】【”】【为】【题】【,】【写】【一】【个】【作】【文】【片】【段】【,】【要】【运】【用】【细】【节】【描】【写】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【法】【点】【拨】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【事】【物】【的】【变】【化】【过】【程】【,】【可】【运】【用】【场】【面】【描】【写】【或】【景】【物】【描】【写】【;】【写】【人】【物】【的】【变】【化】【,】【可】【灵】【活】【运】【用】【语】【言】【描】【写】【和】【行】【动】【描】【写】【等】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【积】【累】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【一】【年】【没】【回】【家】【了】【。】【走】【在】【家】【乡】【熟】【悉】【的】【街】【道】【上】【,】【我】【却】【有】【了】【一】【种】【陌】【生】【感】【。】【不】【少】【人】【家】【新】【盖】【了】【二】【层】【小】【楼】【,】【弄】【不】【清】【到】【底】【是】【谁】【家】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【奶】【奶】【见】【了】【我】【高】【兴】【地】【合】【不】【拢】【嘴】【:】【“】【妮】【子】【,】【我】【让】【你】【饱】【一】【饱】【口】【福】【。】【”】【等】【饭】【菜】【端】【上】【来】【,】【我】【愣】【了】【:】【“】【奶】【奶】【,】【我】【还】【以】【为】【你】【给】【我】【做】【了】【大】【鱼】【大】【肉】【呢】【…】【…】【”】【奶】【奶】【做】【个】【鬼】【脸】【:】【“】【傻】【妮】【子】【,】【这】【年】【头】【大】【鱼】【大】【肉】【都】【吃】【腻】【了】【,】【有】【啥】【好】【吃】【的】【?】【现】【在】【电】【视】【里】【说】【要】【吃】【绿】【色】【,】【吃】【营】【养】【。】【你】【看】【,】【这】【饭】【菜】【你】【不】【愿】【吃】【啊】【?】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【饭】【桌】【上】【摆】【上】【了】【奶】【奶】【亲】【手】【酿】【的】【面】【酱】【,】【还】【有】【大】【葱】【,】【曲】【曲】【菜】【、】【婆】【婆】【丁】【等】【别】【有】【药】【效】【的】【野】【菜】【,】【香】【喷】【喷】【的】【窝】【窝】【头】【。】【外】【加】【一】【大】【盆】【紫】【菜】【鸡】【蛋】【汤】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【于】【是】【埋】【头】【吃】【了】【个】【不】【亦】【乐】【乎】【。】【心】【里】【直】【感】【叹】【连】【老】【人】【的】【饮】【食】【观】【念】【都】【与】【时】【俱】【进】【了】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【少】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【课】【上】【常】【常】【感】【到】【“】【没】【什】【么】【可】【写】【”】【,】【或】【抱】【着】【“】【抓】【到】【一】【个】【算】【一】【个】【”】【,】【“】【拾】【到】【篮】【里】【就】【是】【菜】【”】【的】【态】【度】【,】【这】【是】【不】【可】【取】【的】【。】【没】【有】【米】【,】【当】【然】【无】【以】【成】【粥】【;】【有】【了】【米】【呢】【,】【关】【键】【还】【要】【注】【意】【舂】【洗】【,】【去】【除】【杂】【质】【,】【这】【样】【烧】【成】【的】【粥】【才】【香】【甜】【可】【口】【。】【怎】【样】【把】【自】【己】【所】【汲】【取】【的】【材】【料】【用】【在】【作】【文】【里】【呢】【?】【这】【涉】【及】【文】【章】【的】【选】【材】【问】【题】【。】【选】【材】【就】【是】【细】【筛】【精】【选】【材】【料】【,】【即】【在】【确】【立】【文】【章】【主】【旨】【的】【基】【础】【上】【对】【占】【有】【的】【材】【料】【进】【行】【取】【舍】【的】【构】【思】【过】【程】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【得】【当】【,】【可】【以】【增】【强】【文】【章】【的】【表】【现】【力】【,】【让】【同】【学】【和】【老】【师】【刮】【目】【相】【看】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【不】【当】【,】【就】【会】【干】【扰】【、】【冲】【淡】【文】【章】【的】【主】【题】【,】【影】【响】【、】【削】【弱】【文】【章】【的】【说】【服】【力】【、】【感】【染】【力】【。】【从】【这】【个】【意】【义】【上】【说】【,】【选】【材】【的】【确】【是】【一】【门】【高】【超】【的】【写】【作】【艺】【术】【。】【那】【么】【,】【如】【何】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【作】【文】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【切】【题】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【准】【确】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【,】【指】【文】【章】【中】【所】【选】【用】【的】【材】【料】【要】【符】【合】【中】【心】【的】【需】【要】【,】【使】【材】【料】【的】【含】【义】【与】【主】【题】【完】【全】【一】【致】【。】【因】【为】【文】【章】【的】【中】【心】【是】【蕴】【涵】【渗】【透】【在】【材】【料】【之】【中】【的】【,】【特】【定】【的】【材】【料】【只】【能】【表】【现】【一】【个】【特】【定】【的】【中】【心】【,】【所】【以】【选】【材】【必】【须】【切】【题】【。】【要】【力】【求】【选】【取】【最】【能】【表】【现】【中】【心】【的】【材】【料】【,】【果】【断】【舍】【弃】【与】【中】【心】【无】【关】【的】【材】【料】【。】【万】【不】【可】【把】【跟】【中】【心】【毫】【无】【关】【系】【的】【材】【料】【堆】【砌】【起】【来】【硬】【凑】【成】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【。】【这】【好】【比】【“】【煮】【鸡】【不】【煺】【毛】【”】【,】【鸡】【肉】【本】【是】【珍】【馐】【佳】【肴】【,】【若】【连】【毛】【一】【起】【煮】【,】【谁】【还】【愿】【吃】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【熟】【知】【的】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【小】【说】【《】【孔】【乙】【己】【》】【,】【它】【之】【所】【以】【脍】【炙】【人】【口】【,】【恐】【怕】【跟】【作】【者】【精】【心】【的】【选】【材】【不】【无】【关】【系】【。】【文】【章】【浓】【墨】【重】【彩】【地】【详】【写】【孔】【乙】【己】【那】【又】【脏】【又】【破】【的】【长】【衫】【、】【为】【掩】【饰】【偷】【书】【的】【辩】【白】【、】【之】【乎】【者】【也】【的】【谈】【吐】【以】【及】【教】【认】【“】【茴】【”】【字】【的】【四】【种】【写】【法】【。】【这】【些】【题】【材】【表】【现】【了】【孔】【乙】【己】【的】【迂】【腐】【、】【麻】【木】【,】【充】【分】【说】【明】【他】【受】【封】【建】【教】【育】【思】【想】【毒】【害】【之】【深】【,】【说】【明】【科】【举】【制】【度】【不】【是】【把】【人】【培】【养】【成】【丁】【举】【人】【那】【样】【的】【损】【人】【者】【,】【就】【是】【把】【人】【糟】【蹋】【成】【孔】【乙】【己】【这】【样】【的】【被】【损】【害】【者】【。】【而】【对】【孔】【乙】【己】【如】【何】【偷】【书】【、】【如】【何】【挨】【打】【的】【过】【程】【,】【虽】【从】【侧】【面】【略】【写】【,】【但】【这】【些】【材】【料】【也】【与】【表】【达】【中】【心】【有】【关】【系】【,】【只】【不】【过】【作】【者】【采】【用】【这】【种】【有】【正】【有】【侧】【,】【有】【详】【有】【略】【的】【描】【写】【,】【使】【故】【事】【情】【节】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【一】【味】【详】【或】【一】【味】【略】【都】【会】【使】【读】【者】【感】【到】【厌】【倦】【。】【总】【之】【,】【材】【料】【要】【服】【从】【“】【意】【”】【的】【安】【排】【,】【要】【以】【“】【意】【”】【统】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【的】【问】【题】【如】【此】【重】【要】【,】【而】【中】【学】【生】【作】【文】【中】【的】【选】【材】【毛】【病】【却】【又】【常】【常】【出】【在】【这】【里】【。】【究】【其】【原】【因】【有】【二】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【 】【不】【勤】【于】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【些】【学】【生】【写】【作】【文】【喜】【欢】【速】【成】【,】【提】【笔】【便】【写】【,】【写】【完】【后】【忽】【然】【感】【到】【还】【有】【更】【切】【题】【的】【材】【料】【。】【怎】【么】【办】【?】【删】【去】【重】【写】【。】【倘】【在】【平】【时】【,】【倒】【也】【罢】【了】【;】【若】【是】【限】【时】【作】【文】【,】【删】【吧】【不】【允】【许】【,】【不】【删】【吧】【却】【不】【甘】【心】【。】【这】【样】【岂】【不】【搞】【得】【很】【尴】【尬】【?】【如】【果】【在】【动】【笔】【前】【给】【自】【己】【留】【点】【时】【间】【,】【将】【所】【有】【能】【够】【想】【到】【的】【材】【料】【都】【集】【中】【起】【来】【,】【给】【它】【们】【排】【排】【队】【,】【从】【中】【确】【定】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【不】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【先】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【后】【用】【,】【经】【过】【一】【番】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【,】【就】【不】【会】【手】【忙】【脚】【乱】【、】【顾】【此】【失】【彼】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【不】【善】【于】【选】【用】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【的】【学】【生】【时】【常】【感】【叹】【,】【同】【一】【件】【事】【、】【同】【一】【个】【人】【,】【别】【人】【写】【出】【来】【就】【格】【外】【细】【致】【、】【生】【动】【,】【而】【一】【到】【自】【己】【手】【里】【就】【干】【瘪】【得】【很】【。】【原】【因】【在】【于】【选】【材】【时】【只】【限】【于】【一】【些】【直】【接】【的】【、】【正】【面】【的】【表】【现】【主】【题】【的】【材】【料】【,】【而】【对】【那】【些】【间】【接】【的】【、】【侧】【面】【的】【材】【料】【则】【熟】【视】【无】【睹】【,】【冷】【落】【不】【用】【。】【这】【些】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【表】【面】【看】【上】【去】【似】【与】【写】【作】【意】【图】【没】【有】【多】【大】【关】【系】【,】【可】【是】【经】【过】【作】【者】【精】【巧】【的】【剪】【裁】【加】【工】【,】【却】【可】【以】【出】【人】【意】【料】【地】【对】【主】【题】【起】【到】【烘】【托】【、】【反】【衬】【、】【强】【化】【的】【作】【用】【,】【使】【文】【章】【血】【肉】【丰】【满】【,】【细】【腻】【感】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【真】【实】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【清】【代】【学】【者】【钱】【谦】【益】【说】【:】【“】【真】【则】【精】【金】【美】【玉】【,】【伪】【则】【瓦】【砾】【粪】【土】【也】【。】【”】【这】【句】【话】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【在】【作】【文】【选】【材】【时】【,】【不】【只】【要】【看】【材】【料】【是】【否】【切】【题】【,】【还】【要】【看】【它】【是】【否】【真】【实】【,】【是】【否】【具】【有】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【。】【只】【有】【真】【实】【,】【只】【有】【信】【实】【,】【文】【章】【才】【有】【生】【命】【力】【,】【才】【能】【感】【动】【人】【、】【打】【动】【人】【。】【选】【材】【真】【实】【包】【含】【两】【方】【面】【内】【容】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【?】【郾】【 】【生】【活】【真】【实】【:】【选】【取】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【真】【实】【的】【材】【料】【,】【必】【然】【是】【为】【同】【学】【们】【所】【熟】【知】【的】【材】【料】【。】【法】【国】【艺】【术】【大】【师】【罗】【丹】【说】【过】【:】【“】【最】【美】【的】【题】【材】【摆】【在】【你】【们】【面】【前】【,】【那】【就】【是】【你】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【物】【。】【”】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【得】【心】【应】【手】【。】【假】【如】【没】【有】【登】【过】【东】【岳】【,】【决】【不】【会】【有】【“】【一】【览】【众】【山】【小】【”】【的】【感】【受】【;】【如】【果】【没】【有】【见】【过】【庐】【山】【,】【一】【定】【不】【会】【产】【生】【“】【飞】【流】【直】【下】【三】【千】【尺】【”】【的】【共】【鸣】【。】【不】【置】【身】【于】【枫】【林】【晚】【景】【,】【哪】【有】【“】【霜】【叶】【红】【于】【二】【月】【花】【”】【之】【赞】【叹】【;】【不】【亲】【历】【水】【乡】【春】【天】【,】【怎】【会】【直】【抒】【“】【能】【不】【忆】【江】【南】【”】【之】【胸】【臆】【。】【中】【学】【生】【们】【初】【学】【写】【作】【,】【应】【该】【选】【取】【自】【己】【最】【为】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【或】【事】【来】【写】【。】【在】【童】【年】【的】【漫】【长】【记】【忆】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【终】【生】【难】【忘】【的】【趣】【事】【;】【在】【朝】【夕】【相】【处】【的】【伙】【伴】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【情】【投】【意】【合】【的】【挚】【友】【;】【在】【成】【长】【的】【日】【历】【里】【,】【一】【定】【记】【载】【着】【我】【们】【的】【成】【功】【与】【失】【败】【。】【何】【不】【把】【它】【们】【拿】【来】【,】【使】【之】【成】【为】【同】【学】【们】【作】【文】【的】【最】【佳】【题】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【朱】【自】【清】【的】【《】【背】【影】【》】【,】【一】【直】【是】【初】【中】【课】【本】【的】【保】【留】【篇】【目】【,】【感】【动】【过】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【读】【者】【,】【教】【育】【了】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【学】【子】【。】【然】【而】【,】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【的】【语】【言】【极】【其】【质】【朴】【无】【华】【,】【何】【以】【这】【般】【感】【人】【至】【深】【?】【一】【个】【重】【要】【原】【因】【就】【是】【作】【者】【写】【的】【是】【自】【己】【的】【亲】【身】【经】【历】【、】【亲】【身】【感】【受】【,】【人】【真】【事】【真】【,】【情】【真】【意】【真】【。】【每】【个】【人】【都】【有】【自】【己】【的】【家】【庭】【,】【家】【庭】【是】【同】【学】【们】【生】【活】【的】【摇】【篮】【。】【家】【庭】【里】【有】【我】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【和】【事】【,】【有】【我】【们】【最】【受】【感】【动】【的】【材】【料】【。】【这】【儿】【有】【温】【馨】【,】【有】【和】【谐】【,】【有】【天】【下】【最】【博】【大】【深】【沉】【、】【最】【细】【腻】【真】【挚】【的】【亲】【情】【,】【父】【母】【之】【恩】【、】【祖】【孙】【之】【爱】【、】【手】【足】【之】【情】【…】【…】【但】【这】【里】【也】【不】【常】【是】【宁】【静】【的】【港】【湾】【,】【有】【时】【也】【会】【风】【波】【骤】【起】【,】【让】【人】【好】【生】【烦】【恼】【。】【其】【实】【,】【亲】【昵】【也】【罢】【,】【唠】【叨】【也】【罢】【,】【攀】【谈】【也】【罢】【,】【争】【执】【也】【罢】【,】【此】【间】【蕴】【涵】【的】【永】【远】【是】【人】【类】【最】【圣】【洁】【的】【情】【愫】【。】【还】【记】【否】【?】【那】【委】【屈】【后】【的】【一】【句】【慰】【藉】【,】【那】【挫】【折】【后】【的】【一】【次】【抚】【摸】【,】【不】【似】【那】【春】【风】【细】【雨】【滋】【润】【心】【头】【?】【无】【须】【惊】【讶】【,】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【可】【能】【是】【平】【凡】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【平】【淡】【的】【,】【家】【庭】【故】【事】【可】【能】【是】【单】【纯】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【单】【调】【的】【,】【但】【只】【要】【用】【心】【体】【会】【,】【努】【力】【挖】【掘】【出】【心】【灵】【深】【处】【某】【段】【不】【寻】【常】【的】【历】【程】【,】【或】【许】【记】【下】【亲】【人】【间】【的】【一】【个】【细】【小】【动】【作】【、】【一】【个】【细】【微】【情】【节】【、】【一】【个】【眼】【神】【、】【一】【种】【姿】【势】【,】【以】【此】【传】【达】【自】【己】【真】【真】【切】【切】【的】【亲】【情】【感】【受】【和】【对】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【的】【深】【刻】【理】【解】【,】【就】【会】【写】【出】【一】【个】【动】【人】【的】【家】【,】【让】【人】【震】【颤】【,】【让】【人】【共】【鸣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【选】【材】【真】【实】【是】【文】【章】【的】【生】【命】【保】【证】【。】【那】【些】【胡】【编】【乱】【造】【的】【所】【谓】【“】【感】【人】【”】【故】【事】【,】【只】【会】【让】【读】【者】【反】【感】【。】【有】【一】【些】【学】【生】【为】【了】【表】【明】【自】【己】【的】【“】【崇】【高】【”】【,】【文】【章】【始】【终】【不】【离】【“】【车】【上】【让】【座】【”】【、】【“】【捐】【钱】【救】【灾】【”】【“】【入】【水】【救】【人】【”】【等】【。】【我】【们】【希】【望】【社】【会】【充】【满】【关】【怀】【,】【充】【满】【和】【谐】【,】【可】【是】【我】【们】【不】【希】【望】【学】【生】【的】【文】【章】【里】【始】【终】【充】【满】【假】【话】【、】【充】【满】【谎】【言】【。】【俗】【话】【说】【:】【不】【真】【读】【者】【无】【。】【选】【择】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【固】【然】【要】【抛】【弃】【那】【些】【胡】【乱】【地】【编】【造】【故】【事】【、】【想】【当】【然】【地】【塑】【造】【人】【物】【以】【及】【无】【中】【生】【有】【地】【捏】【造】【感】【情】【的】【做】【法】【。】【然】【而】【,】【如】【果】【一】【味】【地】【直】【录】【生】【活】【,】【不】【作】【任】【何】【剪】【接】【加】【工】【,】【甚】【至】【把】【那】【些】【不】【成】【熟】【的】【感】【受】【、】【不】【健】【康】【的】【情】【调】【也】【带】【进】【文】【章】【中】【来】【,】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【只】【会】【黯】【然】【失】【色】【,】【何】【谈】【动】【人】【?】【这】【也】【正】【是】【下】【文】【要】【谈】【到】【的】【选】【材】【真】【实】【的】【又】【一】【方】【面】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【:】【提】【炼】【典】【型】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【没】【有】【真】【实】【生】【活】【,】【就】【没】【有】【文】【章】【的】【源】【泉】【。】【没】【有】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【,】【文】【章】【就】【失】【去】【了】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【,】【是】【谓】【“】【无】【假】【文】【章】【少】【”】【。】【“】【假】【”】【,】【不】【是】【选】【材】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【假】【”】【,】【而】【是】【艺】【术】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【构】【”】【,】【即】【在】【真】【实】【生】【活】【的】【基】【础】【上】【进】【行】【技】【巧】【性】【的】【加】【工】【,】【如】【设】【置】【悬】【念】【、】【修】【饰】【语】【言】【等】【。】【它】【摒】【弃】【作】【文】【中】【对】【生】【活】【原】【封】【不】【动】【的】【反】【映】【,】【力】【求】【化】【实】【为】【虚】【、】【由】【虚】【而】【实】【、】【虚】【实】【相】【生】【。】【一】【堆】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【,】【本】【无】【多】【少】【美】【感】【,】【很】【有】【可】【能】【成】【为】【扫】【除】【的】【对】【象】【,】【但】【在】【画】【家】【笔】【下】【,】【却】【是】【一】【幅】【绝】【美】【的】【天】【然】【图】【画】【。】【这】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【是】【画】【家】【心】【之】【感】【悟】【,】【是】【一】【种】【艺】【术】【的】【真】【实】【。】【由】【“】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【”】【到】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【有】【一】【个】【提】【炼】【加】【工】【的】【过】【程】【,】【这】【个】【过】【程】【就】【是】【由】【“】【真】【”】【到】【“】【假】【”】【、】【由】【“】【生】【活】【真】【实】【”】【到】【“】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【”】【。】【同】【样】【,】【作】【家】【在】【选】【材】【中】【也】【常】【循】【此】【规】【律】【,】【小】【到】【一】【句】【话】【,】【大】【至】【一】【个】【人】【物】【,】【都】【要】【作】【艺】【术】【处】【理】【,】【进】【行】【必】【要】【的】【“】【包】【装】【”】【。】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【在】【《】【阿】【Q】【正】【传】【》】【中】【,】【把】【现】【实】【生】【活】【里】【许】【多】【人】【相】【类】【似】【的】【性】【格】【浓】【缩】【并】【加】【以】【夸】【张】【,】【集】【中】【于】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【身】【上】【,】【尽】【管】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【在】【现】【实】【生】【活】【中】【是】【没】【有】【的】【,】【但】【他】【的】【性】【格】【却】【能】【在】【许】【多】【人】【身】【上】【找】【出】【来】【。】【这】【个】【放】【大】【的】【、】【包】【装】【了】【的】【阿】【Q】【性】【格】【,】【更】【典】【型】【、】【更】【集】【中】【地】【反】【映】【了】【人】【物】【的】【本】【质】【特】【征】【,】【从】【而】【成】【为】【文】【学】【史】【上】【的】【不】【朽】【形】【象】【。】【这】【里】【要】【告】【诉】【同】【学】【们】【,】【在】【作】【文】【中】【,】【无】【论】【是】【写】【人】【、】【叙】【事】【,】【还】【是】【状】【物】【,】【很】【需】【要】【豁】【达】【一】【点】【、】【变】【通】【一】【点】【、】【灵】【巧】【一】【点】【,】【既】【尊】【重】【生】【活】【又】【不】【拘】【泥】【于】【生】【活】【原】【色】【,】【方】【能】【使】【文】【章】【达】【到】【反】【映】【生】【活】【、】【服】【务】【生】【活】【并】【高】【于】【生】【活】【的】【目】【的】【。】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【,】【才】【更】【富】【有】【积】【极】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【新】【颖】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【效】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【,】【就】【是】【别】【人】【没】【有】【发】【现】【使】【用】【过】【的】【材】【料】【,】【抑】【或】【别】【人】【写】【过】【却】【还】【能】【从】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【的】【材】【料】【。】【材】【料】【新】【颖】【生】【动】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【留】【有】【回】【味】【,】【读】【起】【来】【才】【能】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【。】【这】【样】【来】【选】【材】【,】【必】【能】【使】【作】【文】【产】【生】【令】【人】【耳】【目】【一】【新】【之】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【学】【生】【在】【选】【材】【过】【程】【中】【常】【有】【这】【样】【的】【困】【惑】【:】【自】【己】【与】【其】【他】【同】【学】【生】【活】【、】【处】【境】【没】【什】【么】【大】【差】【别】【,】【日】【子】【平】【淡】【得】【近】【乎】【于】【单】【调】【,】【能】【有】【什】【么】【新】【颖】【的】【素】【材】【呢】【?】【写】【同】【窗】【总】【难】【忘】【“】【半】【块】【橡】【皮】【”】【,】【写】【父】【母】【总】【牵】【扯】【到】【“】【一】【把】【雨】【伞】【”】【,】【写】【爱】【心】【总】【离】【不】【开】【“】【希】【望】【工】【程】【”】【。】【诸】【如】【此】【类】【,】【把】【生】【活】【生】【硬】【分】【割】【,】【使】【人】【读】【之】【生】【厌】【。】【特】【别】【是】【写】【老】【师】【,】【一】【些】【同】【学】【的】【习】【作】【在】【选】【材】【上】【常】【犯】【“】【公】【式】【化】【”】【的】【毛】【病】【,】【一】【般】【都】【写】【老】【师】【有】【一】【头】【被】【粉】【笔】【染】【白】【的】【头】【发】【,】【刻】【苦】【钻】【研】【的】【精】【神】【,】【辛】【勤】【备】【课】【、】【上】【课】【,】【认】【真】【批】【改】【作】【业】【,】【个】【别】【辅】【导】【,】【等】【等】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【许】【多】【学】【生】【的】【老】【师】【都】【有】【一】【个】【惊】【人】【的】【特】【点】【:】【爱】【生】【病】【。】【好】【像】【学】【生】【特】【别】【喜】【欢】【老】【师】【生】【病】【,】【如】【果】【老】【师】【不】【生】【病】【便】【没】【有】【题】【材】【可】【写】【了】【。】【这】【样】【写】【出】【来】【的】【老】【师】【千】【篇】【一】【律】【、】【千】【人】【一】【面】【,】【没】【有】【个】【性】【,】【使】【文】【章】【失】【去】【了】【生】【命】【力】【。】【出】【现】【这】【种】【情】【况】【的】【原】【因】【,】【在】【于】【同】【学】【们】【对】【老】【师】【缺】【乏】【深】【入】【细】【致】【的】【了】【解】【,】【缺】【少】【师】【生】【间】【的】【个】【性】【情】【缘】【,】【由】【于】【“】【眼】【中】【无】【师】【”】【和】【“】【胸】【中】【无】【师】【”】【,】【自】【然】【不】【会】【有】【“】【手】【中】【之】【师】【”】【,】【只】【好】【按】【头】【脑】【中】【固】【有】【的】【“】【老】【师】【模】【式】【”】【凭】【空】【编】【造】【故】【事】【。】【不】【错】【,】【老】【师】【有】【老】【师】【的】【共】【性】【,】【他】【们】【为】【人】【师】【表】【、】【呕】【心】【沥】【血】【、】【对】【学】【生】【关】【怀】【备】【至】【,】【但】【他】【们】【又】【有】【个】【性】【:】【有】【的】【老】【师】【温】【和】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【严】【谨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【朋】【友】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【是】【长】【者】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【似】【一】【缕】【春】【风】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【一】【丝】【秋】【雨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【像】【热】【情】【的】【路】【标】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【冷】【峻】【的】【航】【灯】【…】【…】【凡】【此】【种】【种】【,】【都】【是】【写】【作】【的】【极】【好】【素】【材】【,】【很】【可】【惜】【,】【这】【些】【个】【性】【化】【的】【老】【师】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【同】【学】【却】【没】【能】【留】【心】【。】【怎】【样】【才】【能】【在】【作】【文】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【,】【别】【具】【一】【格】【呢】【?】【用】【自】【己】【的】【慧】【眼】【去】【发】【现】【吧】【。】【其】【实】【生】【活】【中】【的】【美】【是】【无】【处】【不】【在】【的】【。】【有】【位】【学】【生】【独】【辟】【蹊】【径】【,】【从】【喜】【、】【怒】【、】【哀】【、】【乐】【四】【方】【面】【选】【取】【了】【四】【件】【事】【,】【展】【示】【了】【一】【位】【老】【师】【献】【身】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【精】【神】【风】【貌】【。】【这】【位】【老】【师】【为】【学】【生】【的】【主】【动】【改】【错】【而】【高】【兴】【,】【为】【发】【现】【学】【生】【晨】【练】【掉】【队】【而】【生】【气】【,】【为】【自】【己】【未】【能】【为】【老】【父】【送】【终】【而】【伤】【怀】【,】【为】【参】【加】【学】【生】【的】【毕】【业】【典】【礼】【而】【快】【乐】【。】【独】【特】【新】【颖】【的】【四】【件】【事】【,】【生】【动】【地】【描】【绘】【出】【这】【位】【老】【师】【的】【形】【象】【,】【从】【而】【开】【辟】【了】【选】【材】【的】【新】【天】【地】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【并】【不】【仅】【指】【那】【些】【新】【奇】【、】【新】【潮】【的】【事】【。】【选】【材】【新】【颖】【,】【不】【是】【要】【学】【生】【脱】【离】【生】【活】【,】【恰】【恰】【是】【要】【他】【们】【对】【生】【活】【予】【以】【观】【照】【,】【用】【心】【体】【会】【生】【活】【。】【大】【凡】【从】【生】【活】【环】【境】【中】【选】【取】【的】【具】【有】【个】【性】【特】【点】【的】【材】【料】【都】【是】【新】【颖】【的】【,】【这】【些】【材】【料】【必】【须】【是】【从】【学】【生】【的】【心】【灵】【里】【歌】【唱】【出】【来】【的】【。】【我】【们】【的】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【、】【学】【校】【生】【活】【、】【社】【会】【生】【活】【是】【那】【么】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【,】【只】【要】【学】【生】【能】【留】【心】【体】【验】【,】【笔】【触】【何】【愁】【不】【开】【阔】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【期】【待】【着】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【中】【能】【自】【觉】【地】【遵】【循】【选】【材】【的】【可】【信】【度】【、】【准】【确】【度】【和】【有】【效】【度】【,】【能】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【好】【自】【己】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】我的母亲教案【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【介】【绍】【物】【品】【,】【大】【致】【可】【分】【两】【种】【情】【况】【:】【一】【是】【着】【重】【于】【应】【用】【;】【介】【绍】【时】【,】【文】【字】【要】【简】【明】【,】【如】【医】【药】【介】【绍】【、】【家】【电】【使】【用】【须】【知】【等】【。】【另】【一】【种】【则】【以】【介】【绍】【物】【品】【知】【识】【为】【主】【。】【为】【说】【明】【物】【品】【性】【质】【、】【功】【用】【和】【演】【变】【发】【展】【。】【吸】【引】【读】【者】【关】【注】【,】【则】【多】【用】【形】【象】【化】【的】【表】【现】【方】【法】【。】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【即】【属】【于】【后】【者】【。】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【本】【为】【普】【通】【生】【活】【用】【品】【,】【如】【果】【平】【直】【道】【来】【,】【纵】【然】【有】【新】【的】【知】【识】【内】【容】【,】【也】【容】【易】【被】【忽】【略】【,】【不】【能】【引】【起】【读】【者】【的】【阅】【读】【兴】【趣】【。】【所】【以】【,】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【一】【改】【程】【式】【化】【的】【说】【明】【方】【法】【,】【而】【是】【运】【用】【拟】【人】【修】【辞】【手】【段】【,】【设】【计】【由】【“】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【”】【,】【将】【需】【要】【说】【明】【的】【知】【识】【融】【汇】【在】【一】【篇】【娓】【娓】【动】【听】【的】【“】【演】【说】【辞】【”】【中】【,】【语】【言】【有】【声】【有】【色】【,】【感】【情】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【的】【种】【类】【、】【功】【用】【、】【演】【变】【等】【知】【识】【就】【在】【读】【者】【的】【会】【心】【一】【笑】【中】【顺】【势】【托】【出】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【且】【读】【文】【章】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【●】【上】【海】【师】【大】【附】【中】【刘】【孚】【瑛】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【姓】【名】【:】【牙】【刷】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【年】【龄】【:】【两】【个】【月】【零】【七】【天】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【民】【族】【:】【方】【头】【直】【柄】【族】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【职】【业】【:】【牙】【齿】【美】【容】【师】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【失】【业】【原】【因】【:】【刷】【毛】【弯】【曲】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【联】【系】【地】【址】【:】【床】【下】【杂】【物】【箱】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【家】【好】【!】【我】【是】【牙】【刷】【。】【以】【上】【是】【我】【的】【简】【历】【,】【拜】【托】【大】【家】【替】【我】【找】【一】【份】【工】【作】【。】【或】【许】【有】【人】【会】【问】【:】【牙】【刷】【这】【一】【行】【干】【得】【不】【是】【挺】【好】【的】【,】【怎】【么】【会】【下】【岗】【?】【唉】【,】【一】【言】【难】【尽】【啊】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【想】【当】【初】【,】【刚】【得】【到】【那】【份】【工】【作】【时】【,】【是】【何】【等】【风】【光】【:】【家】【住】【干】【净】【宽】【敞】【的】【漱】【口】【杯】【,】【每】【天】【只】【需】【工】【作】【二】【三】【次】【,】【空】【闲】【时】【便】【和】【牙】【膏】【侃】【大】【山】【;】【如】【遇】【主】【人】【出】【差】【,】【虽】【说】【宾】【馆】【里】【有】【洗】【漱】【用】【具】【,】【但】【主】【人】【每】【次】【还】【是】【带】【我】【去】【,】【把】【牙】【膏】【独】【自】【留】【在】【家】【里】【。】【每】【次】【回】【来】【我】【都】【自】【豪】【地】【向】【牙】【膏】【讲】【述】【着】【外】【面】【的】【世】【界】【。】【就】【这】【样】【过】【了】【两】【个】【月】【,】【不】【幸】【降】【临】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【天】【,】【主】【人】【一】【到】【家】【就】【叫】【我】【出】【来】【,】【我】【以】【为】【要】【“】【加】【班】【”】【,】【于】【是】【我】【伸】【了】【个】【懒】【腰】【,】【无】【精】【打】【采】【地】【爬】【出】【了】【漱】【口】【杯】【。】【却】【不】【料】【主】【人】【从】【口】【袋】【里】【拿】【出】【了】【一】【把】【新】【的】【牙】【刷】【,】【说】【是】【让】【我】【跟】【他】【公】【平】【地】【竞】【争】【,】【由】【我】【先】【发】【言】【。】【当】【时】【,】【我】【吃】【惊】【得】【连】【弯】【曲】【的】【刷】【毛】【都】【一】【根】【根】【地】【竖】【了】【起】【来】【,】【偷】【偷】【地】【瞥】【了】【他】【一】【眼】【—】【—】【虽】【然】【花】【哨】【,】【但】【小】【小】【年】【纪】【就】【驼】【着】【背】【,】【小】【圆】【头】【上】【“】【头】【发】【”】【长】【得】【参】【差】【不】【齐】【,】【看】【上】【去】【就】【不】【正】【。】【于】【是】【我】【定】【了】【定】【神】【,】【挺】【直】【腰】【板】【,】【理】【直】【气】【壮】【地】【说】【:】【“】【干】【我】【们】【这】【一】【行】【有】【铁】【饭】【碗】【之】【称】【,】【每】【次】【接】【替】【工】【作】【总】【要】【等】【到】【前】【任】【寿】【终】【正】【寝】【—】【—】【刷】【毛】【脱】【落】【时】【才】【能】【接】【任】【,】【所】【以】【我】【认】【为】【他】【要】【接】【任】【还】【为】【时】【过】【早】【。】【”】【我】【信】【心】【十】【足】【地】【甩】【了】【甩】【头】【发】【,】【静】【等】【他】【的】【挑】【战】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【我】【可】【不】【是】【一】【般】【的】【牙】【刷】【:】【圆】【拱】【形】【刷】【头】【可】【探】【入】【难】【刷】【部】【位】【,】【刷】【毛】【呈】【波】【浪】【形】【,】【更】【紧】【贴】【牙】【齿】【,】【曲】【柄】【设】【计】【是】【根】【据】【…】【…】【”】【没】【想】【到】【他】【一】【开】【口】【就】【滔】【滔】【不】【绝】【,】【头】【头】【是】【道】【,】【别】【说】【是】【主】【人】【,】【就】【连】【我】【也】【被】【他】【的】【“】【广】【告】【词】【”】【所】【吸】【引】【。】【结】【果】【不】【言】【而】【喻】【—】【—】【我】【下】【岗】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【被】【迫】【迁】【入】【新】【居】【—】【—】【杂】【物】【箱】【。】【起】【先】【几】【天】【,】【不】【是】【睡】【觉】【,】【就】【是】【与】【老】【虎】【钳】【、】【螺】【丝】【帽】【闲】【聊】【,】【倒】【也】【悠】【闲】【自】【在】【。】【可】【这】【几】【天】【,】【整】【天】【坐】【立】【不】【安】【,】【总】【觉】【得】【缺】【些】【什】【么】【,】【浑】【身】【不】【自】【在】【。】【于】【是】【到】【处】【托】【朋】【友】【拉】【关】【系】【,】【试】【着】【找】【工】【作】【,】【争】【取】【有】【个】【好】【着】【落】【。】【这】【不】【,】【准】【备】【了】【一】【打】【简】【历】【,】【或】【许】【有】【用】【,】【但】【直】【到】【今】【天】【也】【没】【动】【静】【。】【嘘】【…】【…】【主】【人】【回】【来】【了】【,】【穿】【着】【一】【双】【沾】【满】【泥】【浆】【的】【鞋】【,】【好】【像】【冲】【不】【干】【净】【…】【…】【嘿】【!】【有】【了】【。】【大】【家】【稍】【等】【,】【或】【许】【我】【将】【有】【工】【作】【了】【,】【这】【次】【机】【会】【一】【定】【要】【抓】【住】【,】【我】【去】【去】【就】【来】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【使】【劲】【顶】【开】【箱】【盖】【,】【挤】【出】【箱】【子】【,】【看】【看】【主】【人】【似】【乎】【不】【耐】【烦】【了】【,】【便】【用】【尽】【全】【力】【地】【滚】【到】【主】【人】【脚】【边】【,】【晃】【晃】【摇】【摇】【地】【向】【主】【人】【示】【意】【。】【主】【人】【先】【还】【是】【摇】【了】【摇】【头】【,】【皱】【了】【皱】【眉】【。】【我】【不】【依】【不】【饶】【地】【挤】【蹭】【着】【主】【人】【的】【脚】【,】【主】【动】【地】【磕】【碰】【着】【他】【脚】【上】【的】【泥】【…】【…】【主】【人】【终】【于】【舒】【展】【了】【双】【眉】【,】【俯】【身】【拿】【起】【了】【我】【。】【我】【的】【身】【上】【重】【又】【感】【受】【到】【了】【熟】【悉】【的】【暖】【流】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【哎】【哟】【!】【终】【于】【刷】【完】【了】【,】【累】【得】【我】【好】【一】【阵】【腰】【酸】【背】【痛】【,】【还】【弄】【了】【一】【身】【的】【污】【泥】【。】【可】【话】【又】【说】【回】【来】【了】【,】【虽】【然】【累】【一】【些】【,】【脏】【一】【些】【,】【也】【总】【比】【下】【岗】【要】【好】【。】【我】【要】【为】【自】【己】【重】【新】【上】【岗】【好】【好】【庆】【祝】【一】【番】【。】【看】【来】【这】【些】【简】【历】【也】【可】【以】【扔】【了】【,】【“】【再】【就】【业】【工】【程】【”】【还】【得】【靠】【自】【己】【。】【大】【家】【说】【,】【对】【不】【对】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【本】【文】【以】【拟】【人】【手】【法】【写】【物】【。】【所】【谓】【拟】【人】【就】【是】【把】【物】【当】【做】【“】【人】【”】【来】【写】【,】【赋】【予】【物】【以】【“】【人】【”】【的】【思】【想】【感】【情】【和】【言】【行】【举】【止】【,】【目】【的】【是】【生】【动】【、】【形】【象】【地】【展】【现】【物】【的】【种】【种】【固】【有】【特】【征】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【既】【为】【拟】【人】【,】【那】【就】【得】【写】【物】【像】【“】【人】【”】【。】【所】【以】【,】【在】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【中】【,】【牙】【刷】【的】【名】【称】【就】【成】【为】【“】【姓】【名】【”】【,】【使】【用】【期】【就】【成】【为】【“】【年】【龄】【”】【,】【种】【类】【就】【成】【了】【“】【民】【族】【”】【,】【功】【用】【就】【成】【了】【“】【职】【业】【”】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【牙】【刷】【还】【如】【“】【人】【”】【一】【样】【,】【既】【能】【说】【会】【道】【,】【又】【有】【情】【感】【起】【伏】【。】【文】【章】【写】【牙】【刷】【为】【“】【下】【岗】【”】【而】【忧】【虑】【,】【为】【“】【出】【差】【”】【而】【“】【自】【豪】【”】【,】【为】【“】【迁】【居】【”】【而】【“】【不】【安】【”】【,】【为】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【而】【“】【庆】【祝】【”】【,】【真】【是】【一】【波】【三】【折】【,】【费】【尽】【心】【机】【,】【人】【情】【世】【态】【,】【跃】【然】【纸】【上】【。】【也】【就】【在】【牙】【刷】【这】【一】【颦】【一】【笑】【之】【中】【,】【有】【关】【牙】【刷】【的】【方】【方】【面】【面】【的】【知】【识】【深】【深】【印】【在】【读】【者】【心】【中】【。】【这】【就】【是】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【带】【来】【的】【风】【趣】【的】【表】【达】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【但】【是】【,】【拟】【人】【毕】【竟】【只】【是】【表】【现】【手】【段】【,】【而】【写】【物】【才】【是】【写】【作】【目】【的】【。】【所】【以】【,】【拟】【的】【是】【“】【人】【”】【,】【写】【的】【却】【是】【物】【,】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【关】【键】【在】【于】【找】【准】【“】【人】【”】【和】【“】【物】【”】【的】【对】【应】【点】【。】【也】【就】【是】【说】【,】【拟】【人】【时】【要】【处】【处】【紧】【扣】【物】【的】【特】【点】【。】【比】【如】【,】【物】【是】【有】【使】【用】【期】【的】【,】【比】【之】【以】【人】【的】【“】【年】【龄】【”】【;】【使】【用】【期】【一】【过】【,】【比】【之】【以】【“】【下】【岗】【”】【。】【又】【如】【,】【物】【是】【有】【置】【放】【处】【的】【,】【比】【之】【以】【“】【家】【”】【;】【物】【与】【物】【有】【配】【合】【使】【用】【的】【,】【于】【是】【有】【牙】【刷】【和】【牙】【膏】【的】【“】【侃】【大】【山】【”】【;】【牙】【刷】【毛】【弯】【曲】【了】【可】【以】【“】【刷】【鞋】【”】【,】【这】【才】【有】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【之】【说】【。】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【正】【是】【找】【准】【了】【这】【些】【对】【应】【点】【,】【读】【者】【才】【会】【看】【到】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【的】【种】【种】【“】【人】【”】【的】【表】【现】【,】【原】【来】【都】【是】【物】【的】【特】【征】【的】【展】【示】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【对】【应】【点】【的】【照】【应】【下】【,】【作】【者】【尽】【可】【以】【发】【挥】【拟】【人】【化】【的】【表】【现】【功】【能】【。】【在】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【中】【,】【有】【两】【处】【描】【写】【夺】【人】【眼】【球】【。】【一】【处】【是】【牙】【刷】【“】【竞】【争】【”】【。】【旧】【牙】【刷】【面】【对】【新】【牙】【刷】【“】【吃】【惊】【得】【连】【弯】【曲】【的】【刷】【毛】【都】【一】【根】【根】【地】【竖】【了】【起】【来】【”】【,】【还】【“】【偷】【偷】【地】【瞥】【了】【他】【一】【眼】【”】【,】【同】【时】【“】【信】【心】【十】【足】【地】【甩】【了】【甩】【头】【发】【”】【,】【虚】【怯】【中】【而】【又】【不】【少】【自】【负】【的】【心】【态】【毕】【现】【,】【真】【是】【到】【了】【惟】【妙】【惟】【肖】【、】【纤】【细】【如】【发】【的】【地】【步】【。】【另】【一】【处】【是】【旧】【牙】【刷】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【。】【由】【“】【悠】【闲】【”】【而】【“】【不】【安】【”】【,】【再】【到】【“】【抓】【住】【机】【会】【”】【,】【“】【不】【依】【不】【饶】【地】【挤】【蹭】【着】【主】【人】【的】【脚】【,】【主】【动】【地】【磕】【碰】【着】【他】【脚】【上】【的】【泥】【…】【…】【”】【曲】【尽】【妙】【笔】【,】【声】【情】【并】【茂】【,】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【也】【算】【写】【到】【了】【极】【致】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【还】【有】【一】【点】【值】【得】【一】【说】【。】【说】【明】【文】【也】【有】【立】【意】【的】【要】【求】【。】【说】【明】【物】【品】【,】【自】【然】【要】【把】【物】【品】【说】【明】【清】【楚】【,】【但】【是】【,】【物】【品】【是】【为】【人】【所】【用】【的】【,】【写】【物】【就】【不】【能】【不】【融】【入】【人】【的】【思】【想】【感】【情】【和】【价】【值】【取】【向】【。】【比】【如】【,】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【在】【说】【明】【牙】【刷】【的】【相】【关】【内】【容】【中】【,】【就】【自】【然】【渗】【透】【作】【者】【的】【主】【观】【意】【识】【。】【在】【事】【物】【发】【展】【进】【程】【中】【,】【新】【陈】【代】【谢】【是】【必】【然】【的】【,】【变】【废】【为】【宝】【也】【是】【可】【能】【的】【,】【自】【强】【不】【息】【是】【永】【远】【需】【要】【的】【。】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【通】【过】【现】【身】【说】【法】【,】【介】【绍】【了】【物】【品】【,】【也】【颂】【扬】【了】【精】【神】【,】【使】【读】【者】【既】【获】【得】【了】【美】【的】【感】【受】【,】【也】【获】【得】【了】【思】【想】【的】【启】【迪】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【是】【青】【少】【年】【喜】【闻】【乐】【见】【的】【表】【现】【方】【法】【。】【曾】【见】【有】【《】【书】【包】【里】【的】【争】【论】【》】【《】【苍】【蝇】【受】【审】【记】【》】【《】【从】【橡】【皮】【到】【修】【正】【液】【》】【等】【等】【,】【一】【篇】【篇】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【的】【作】【文】【,】【对】【于】【中】【学】【生】【准】【确】【地】【捕】【捉】【事】【物】【的】【特】【征】【、】【丰】【富】【想】【象】【力】【、】【增】【加】【写】【作】【兴】【趣】【都】【大】【有】【裨】【益】【。】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【不】【妨】【一】【试】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【走】【过】【十】【五】【个】【春】【夏】【秋】【冬】【,】【我】【笑】【过】【哭】【过】【也】【痛】【过】【,】【却】【总】【怀】【着】【笃】【定】【不】【移】【的】【心】【一】【路】【向】【前】【。】【我】【成】【长】【中】【的】【每】【一】【个】【脚】【印】【,】【无】【不】【浸】【着】【坚】【持】【的】【汗】【水】【,】【它】【们】【追】【随】【在】【我】【的】【身】【后】【,】【折】【射】【出】【耀】【眼】【的】【光】【芒】【,】【见】【证】【我】【每】【一】【次】【的】【蜕】【变】【。】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【年】【幼】【无】【知】【的】【小】【鬼】【变】【为】【睿】【智】【好】【学】【的】【少】【年】【;】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【调】【皮】【捣】【蛋】【的】【“】【坏】【孩】【子】【”】【变】【为】【成】【绩】【优】【异】【的】【三】【好】【学】【生】【;】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【跌】【倒】【了】【无】【数】【次】【的】【失】【败】【者】【成】【为】【夺】【取】【成】【功】【的】【幸】【运】【儿】【。】【是】【的】【,】【坚】【持】【让】【我】【成】【长】【,】【没】【有】【它】【,】【也】【就】【没】【有】【现】【在】【的】【我】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【从】【小】【学】【起】【,】【我】【就】【是】【一】【个】【“】【体】【育】【白】【痴】【”】【。】【人】【家】【是】【“】【四】【肢】【发】【达】【,】【头】【脑】【简】【单】【”】【,】【而】【我】【却】【正】【好】【相】【反】【,】【学】【习】【成】【绩】【名】【列】【前】【茅】【,】【但】【体】【育】【却】【经】【常】【亮】【起】【红】【灯】【。】【不】【知】【是】【先】【天】【性】【身】【体】【素】【质】【差】【,】【还】【是】【后】【天】【锻】【炼】【过】【少】【,】【我】【连】【一】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【都】【做】【不】【标】【准】【。】【因】【此】【,】【我】【常】【常】【被】【老】【师】【当】【做】【教】【育】【同】【学】【的】【“】【反】【面】【教】【材】【”】【。】【但】【那】【一】【次】【,】【我】【没】【有】【再】【像】【往】【常】【那】【样】【畏】【缩】【,】【而】【是】【选】【择】【了】【努】【力】【坚】【持】【下】【去】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【天】【体】【育】【课】【,】【刚】【刚】【跑】【完】【十】【五】【圈】【,】【老】【师】【便】【又】【要】【求】【我】【们】【伸】【开】【五】【指】【,】【双】【手】【撑】【地】【做】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【。】【站】【在】【队】【伍】【里】【的】【我】【,】【此】【时】【已】【是】【面】【红】【耳】【赤】【,】【大】【汗】【淋】【漓】【,】【连】【气】【都】【喘】【不】【过】【来】【。】【喉】【咙】【里】【是】【一】【阵】【阵】【干】【涩】【的】【疼】【,】【仿】【佛】【有】【火】【在】【燃】【烧】【。】【看】【着】【同】【学】【们】【一】【个】【个】【都】【撑】【在】【了】【地】【上】【,】【我】【迟】【疑】【着】【要】【不】【要】【请】【假】【休】【息】【,】【可】【身】【体】【里】【好】【像】【有】【个】【声】【音】【在】【叫】【喊】【:】【“】【不】【!】【你】【不】【能】【这】【么】【懦】【弱】【,】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【能】【累】【死】【你】【吗】【?】【!】【”】【可】【是】【,】【我】【…】【…】【管】【不】【了】【那】【么】【多】【了】【,】【硬】【着】【头】【皮】【也】【要】【做】【。】【我】【两】【手】【撑】【地】【,】【咬】【紧】【牙】【关】【,】【俯】【下】【身】【去】【,】【用】【尽】【全】【力】【,】【一】【个】【,】【两】【个】【…】【…】【十】【二】【个】【…】【…】【哎】【呀】【,】【不】【好】【,】【我】【全】【身】【都】【冒】【冷】【汗】【了】【,】【感】【觉】【身】【体】【软】【塌】【塌】【的】【,】【仿】【佛】【连】【呼】【吸】【都】【困】【难】【了】【。】【终】【于】【双】【手】【一】【软】【,】【瘫】【倒】【在】【地】【上】【。】【周】【围】【的】【同】【学】【一】【下】【子】【哄】【笑】【起】【来】【,】【我】【可】【顾】【不】【了】【这】【些】【,】【既】【然】【是】【自】【己】【认】【定】【要】【做】【的】【,】【就】【一】【定】【要】【坚】【持】【做】【到】【。】【我】【深】【深】【地】【吸】【了】【口】【气】【,】【拍】【拍】【手】【上】【的】【沙】【粒】【,】【重】【新】【做】【了】【起】【来】【,】【“】【一】【个】【,】【两】【个】【…】【…】【十】【九】【个】【…】【…】【二】【十】【个】【!】【”】【我】【心】【里】【一】【边】【数】【着】【数】【,】【一】【边】【不】【停】【地】【鼓】【励】【自】【己】【:】【“】【坚】【持】【!】【坚】【持】【!】【坚】【持】【就】【是】【胜】【利】【!】【”】【那】【一】【刹】【那】【,】【我】【感】【觉】【用】【尽】【了】【自】【己】【的】【全】【部】【力】【气】【,】【我】【终】【于】【做】【完】【了】【二】【十】【个】【。】【“】【呵】【呵】【,】【沈】【彦】【终】【于】【成】【功】【了】【!】【”】【同】【学】【们】【在】【为】【我】【的】【成】【功】【鼓】【掌】【欢】【呼】【!】【我】【无】【力】【地】【笑】【了】【笑】【,】【但】【却】【是】【发】【自】【内】【心】【的】【。】【是】【因】【为】【坚】【持】【到】【了】【终】【点】【,】【才】【会】【从】【心】【底】【绽】【放】【出】【真】【正】【喜】【悦】【的】【花】【朵】【吧】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【此】【后】【,】【我】【整】【整】【休】【息】【了】【两】【天】【,】【才】【能】【像】【往】【常】【那】【样】【活】【动】【自】【如】【。】【虽】【然】【手】【臂】【还】【是】【酸】【酸】【的】【,】【但】【我】【认】【为】【我】【做】【得】【很】【对】【,】【这】【次】【经】【历】【不】【仅】【让】【我】【的】【体】【育】【成】【绩】【有】【了】【提】【高】【,】【更】【重】【要】【的】【是】【让】【我】【尝】【到】【了】【成】【功】【的】【甜】【蜜】【,】【它】【促】【使】【我】【更】【加】【勇】【敢】【地】【走】【下】【去】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【知】【道】【坚】【持】【不】【是】【一】【天】【两】【天】【的】【事】【情】【,】【而】【是】【一】【辈】【子】【的】【功】【课】【。】【在】【漫】【漫】【人】【生】【路】【上】【,】【也】【许】【我】【还】【会】【遇】【到】【许】【多】【未】【知】【的】【挫】【折】【,】【那】【将】【比】【做】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【要】【困】【难】【得】【多】【,】【但】【是】【我】【相】【信】【,】【我】【们】【只】【要】【坚】【持】【不】【懈】【地】【奋】【斗】【,】【就】【能】【排】【除】【万】【难】【,】【走】【向】【成】【功】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】我的母亲教案【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【文】【学】【是】【源】【于】【现】【实】【又】【高】【于】【现】【实】【的】【。】【”】【文】【学】【作】【品】【的】【写】【作】【对】【象】【是】【客】【观】【存】【在】【的】【现】【实】【生】【活】【,】【但】【又】【不】【是】【单】【纯】【写】【实】【,】【它】【要】【在】【写】【实】【的】【基】【础】【上】【,】【创】【设】【氛】【围】【,】【营】【造】【意】【境】【、】【展】【开】【联】【想】【和】【想】【象】【,】【运】【用】【夸】【张】【等】【手】【法】【,】【对】【过】【去】【的】【事】【情】【进】【行】【回】【忆】【,】【对】【未】【来】【进】【行】【预】【设】【等】【等】【,】【进】【而】【达】【到】【文】【学】【作】【品】【的】【多】【层】【面】【目】【的】【。】【事】【实】【上】【,】【无】【论】【在】【哪】【一】【个】【文】【学】【领】【域】【当】【中】【,】【那】【些】【生】【动】【感】【人】【的】【经】【典】【作】【品】【,】【都】【是】【娴】【熟】【地】【运】【用】【“】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【”】【写】【法】【的】【产】【物】【。】【李】【煜】【的】【“】【问】【君】【能】【有】【几】【多】【愁】【,】【恰】【似】【一】【江】【春】【水】【向】【东】【流】【”】【,】【把】【抽】【象】【的】【愁】【写】【成】【一】【江】【春】【水】【,】【具】【有】【穿】【越】【千】【载】【的】【力】【量】【;】【《】【春】【望】【》】【中】【杜】【甫】【的】【“】【感】【时】【花】【溅】【泪】【,】【恨】【别】【鸟】【惊】【心】【”】【,】【用】【花】【鸟】【写】【情】【,】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【,】【更】【加】【扣】【人】【心】【弦】【;】【陶】【渊】【明】【《】【桃】【花】【源】【记】【》】【寄】【予】【了】【作】【者】【愤】【世】【嫉】【俗】【,】【归】【隐】【田】【园】【的】【理】【想】【;】【朱】【自】【清】【的】【名】【篇】【《】【春】【》】【,】【把】【对】【春】【的】【热】【爱】【赞】【美】【,】【化】【成】【一】【幅】【又】【一】【幅】【美】【丽】【的】【图】【画】【,】【让】【读】【者】【不】【知】【不】【觉】【沉】【醉】【其】【中】【;】【鲁】【黎】【的】【《】【泥】【土】【》】【以】【实】【写】【虚】【,】【仅】【短】【短】【的】【四】【行】【字】【,】【却】【尽】【情】【讴】【歌】【了】【甘】【于】【平】【凡】【、】【无】【私】【奉】【献】【的】【精】【神】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【所】【谓】【“】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【”】【就】【是】【对】【那】【些】【比】【较】【抽】【象】【、】【含】【蓄】【或】【主】【观】【性】【较】【强】【的】【话】【题】【或】【命】【题】【,】【由】【此】【及】【彼】【,】【展】【开】【联】【想】【,】【通】【过】【具】【体】【的】【叙】【述】【或】【描】【写】【来】【揭】【示】【话】【题】【的】【本】【质】【或】【意】【义】【,】【诠】【释】【话】【题】【内】【蕴】【,】【让】【读】【者】【感】【受】【领】【悟】【写】【作】【者】【对】【话】【题】【的】【独】【到】【见】【解】【和】【思】【想】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【写】【作】【话】【题】【作】【文】【时】【,】【有】【的】【话】【题】【比】【较】【抽】【象】【,】【是】【一】【个】【“】【虚】【”】【的】【话】【题】【,】【学】【会】【了】【这】【种】【写】【法】【就】【能】【在】【写】【作】【时】【迅】【速】【准】【确】【地】【立】【意】【。】【如】【“】【偶】【然】【”】【这】【个】【话】【题】【,】【你】【可】【往】【实】【处】【想】【,】【写】【出】【《】【偶】【遇】【李】【白】【》】【《】【老】【爸】【的】【偶】【然】【》】【等】【命】【题】【。】【又】【如】【“】【爱】【”】【这】【个】【话】【题】【,】【太】【大】【也】【太】【抽】【象】【,】【爱】【是】【什】【么】【?】【答】【案】【太】【多】【、】【太】【复】【杂】【,】【写】【起】【来】【不】【好】【把】【握】【,】【但】【是】【我】【们】【完】【全】【可】【以】【写】【实】【实】【在】【在】【的】【母】【爱】【,】【写】【师】【生】【情】【,】【用】【具】【体】【事】【例】【诠】【释】【“】【爱】【”】【这】【个】【话】【题】【。】【再】【如】【“】【接】【受】【和】【付】【出】【”】【这】【一】【话】【题】【。】【我】【们】【知】【道】【,】【“】【接】【受】【与】【付】【出】【”】【是】【一】【个】【抽】【象】【的】【概】【念】【,】【有】【的】【同】【学】【会】【想】【到】【:】【没】【有】【付】【出】【就】【没】【有】【接】【受】【,】【接】【受】【就】【要】【付】【出】【,】【它】【们】【是】【相】【辅】【相】【成】【的】【关】【系】【,】【不】【能】【一】【味】【接】【受】【,】【要】【学】【会】【付】【出】【。】【这】【样】【的】【立】【意】【,】【写】【作】【的】【策】【略】【就】【应】【是】【 】【“】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【”】【。】【“】【接】【受】【与】【付】【出】【”】【是】【一】【对】【相】【反】【相】【对】【的】【概】【念】【,】【命】【题】【者】【用】【一】【个】【“】【与】【”】【字】【把】【它】【们】【链】【接】【到】【一】【个】【话】【题】【里】【,】【不】【能】【只】【谈】【接】【受】【或】【只】【谈】【付】【出】【,】【我】【们】【可】【以】【通】【过】【写】【二】【者】【的】【互】【相】【转】【化】【,】【揭】【示】【出】【一】【定】【的】【哲】【理】【。】【具】【体】【写】【作】【中】【,】【可】【以】【通】【过】【生】【活】【中】【的】【具】【体】【故】【事】【或】【场】【景】【来】【表】【现】【对】【话】【题】【意】【义】【的】【理】【解】【。】【比】【如】【写】【自】【己】【学】【习】【滑】【冰】【,】【付】【出】【了】【摔】【倒】【甚】【至】【受】【伤】【后】【,】【换】【来】【了】【成】【功】【;】【写】【练】【习】【游】【泳】【,】【付】【出】【了】【呛】【水】【和】【疲】【惫】【后】【,】【成】【为】【了】【运】【动】【健】【将】【。】【比】【如】【写】【蛹】【之】【化】【蝶】【、】【蝉】【之】【脱】【壳】【、】【雏】【鹰】【学】【飞】【,】【付】【出】【了】【艰】【辛】【和】【痛】【苦】【,】【却】【换】【来】【了】【新】【生】【,】【等】【等】【这】【样】【调】【动】【生】【活】【积】【累】【,】【综】【合】【运】【用】【多】【种】【描】【写】【手】【段】【,】【可】【以】【写】【出】【一】【篇】【声】【情】【并】【茂】【的】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【也】【可】【以】【由】【一】【个】【接】【受】【挫】【折】【的】【小】【故】【事】【联】【想】【到】【许】【许】【多】【多】【各】【行】【各】【业】【的】【成】【功】【人】【士】【,】【他】【们】【都】【是】【破】【茧】【成】【蝶】【的】【典】【范】【,】【这】【样】【就】【把】【由】【两】【个】【抽】【象】【词】【语】【构】【成】【的】【抽】【象】【概】【念】【“】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【”】【了】【。】【再】【来】【看】【下】【面】【的】【话】【题】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【冬】【天】【来】【了】【,】【春】【天】【还】【会】【远】【吗】【?】【”】【英】【国】【诗】【人】【雪】【莱】【的】【这】【一】【名】【句】【曾】【激】【励】【过】【无】【数】【处】【于】【艰】【难】【困】【顿】【中】【的】【心】【灵】【。】【的】【确】【,】【当】【你】【的】【世】【界】【弥】【漫】【着】【阴】【风】【冷】【雨】【时】【,】【当】【你】【的】【努】【力】【被】【挫】【折】【之】【刀】【割】【得】【七】【零】【八】【碎】【时】【,】【当】【美】【丽】【的】【期】【待】【结】【出】【了】【失】【望】【的】【果】【子】【时】【,】【那】【么】【,】【让】【我】【们】【学】【会】【种】【植】【希】【望】【。】【种】【植】【一】【粒】【种】【子】【,】【会】【收】【获】【一】【个】【金】【色】【的】【秋】【天】【,】【种】【植】【一】【个】【信】【念】【,】【会】【收】【获】【一】【个】【充】【实】【的】【人】【生】【,】【而】【种】【植】【一】【个】【希】【望】【,】【会】【让】【我】【们】【在】【冬】【天】【的】【苍】【白】【中】【永】【葆】【生】【命】【的】【鲜】【亮】【,】【会】【让】【我】【们】【在】【坎】【坷】【人】【生】【路】【上】【保】【持】【斗】【志】【的】【昂】【扬】【。】【种】【植】【希】【望】【,】【这】【是】【一】【种】【心】【灵】【智】【慧】【,】【是】【一】【种】【生】【活】【技】【巧】【,】【它】【让】【我】【们】【失】【望】【时】【不】【绝】【望】【,】【失】【意】【时】【不】【失】【志】【,】【永】【远】【扬】【起】【生】【命】【绿】【色】【的】【风】【帆】【,】【向】【着】【梦】【中】【的】【春】【天】【进】【发】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【请】【以】【“】【种】【植】【希】【望】【”】【为】【话】【题】【写】【一】【篇】【作】【文】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【个】【话】【题】【的】【材】【料】【虽】【然】【有】【助】【于】【考】【生】【打】【开】【思】【维】【,】【但】【是】【话】【题】【本】【身】【十】【分】【笼】【统】【、】【抽】【象】【,】【因】【为】【“】【希】【望】【”】【本】【来】【就】【是】【虚】【无】【缥】【缈】【的】【,】【“】【种】【植】【希】【望】【”】【使】【话】【题】【命】【题】【更】【加】【抽】【象】【。】【如】【果】【不】【能】【用】【事】【实】【说】【话】【,】【就】【会】【犯】【言】【之】【无】【物】【、】【言】【之】【无】【味】【的】【毛】【病】【。】【最】【好】【以】【具】【体】【的】【事】【件】【为】【依】【托】【,】【“】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【”】【地】【进】【行】【记】【叙】【,】【这】【样】【文】【章】【内】【容】【才】【会】【显】【得】【充】【实】【、】【具】【体】【。】【与】【希】【望】【有】【关】【的】【事】【件】【是】【不】【胜】【枚】【举】【的】【,】【只】【要】【打】【开】【思】【路】【,】【或】【小】【或】【大】【、】【或】【自】【己】【或】【他】【人】【、】【或】【古】【或】【今】【、】【或】【由】【中】【及】【外】【,】【就】【能】【得】【到】【“】【内】【容】【充】【实】【”】【的】【基】【础】【等】【级】【分】【。】【有】【关】【希】【望】【的】【名】【人】【逸】【事】【、】【格】【言】【警】【句】【、】【诗】【词】【歌】【赋】【很】【多】【,】【我】【们】【可】【以】【拿】【来】【用】【。】【另】【外】【也】【可】【以】【赋】【予】【“】【希】【望】【”】【以】【一】【系】【列】【形】【象】【可】【感】【的】【比】【喻】【,】【这】【样】【会】【使】【语】【言】【更】【有】【文】【采】【,】【内】【容】【更】【丰】【富】【,】【从】【而】【得】【到】【“】【有】【文】【采】【”】【的】【发】【展】【等】【级】【分】【。】【请】【看】【下】【面】【的】【例】【文】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【希】【望】【就】【有】【远】【方】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【明】【亮】【的】【灯】【光】【下】【,】【伴】【随】【着】【树】【木】【摇】【曳】【的】【影】【子】【,】【我】【一】【口】【气】【读】【完】【了】【刚】【买】【回】【不】【久】【的】【 】【《】【 】【雾】【都】【孤】【儿】【 】【》】【 】【。】【这】【本】【书】【是】【英】【国】【著】【名】【作】【家】【狄】【更】【斯】【写】【的】【,】【主】【要】【讲】【述】【的】【是】【孤】【儿】【奥】【利】【弗】【遭】【受】【寄】【养】【所】【的】【折】【磨】【、】【棺】【材】【铺】【的】【毒】【打】【后】【,】【只】【身】【前】【往】【伦】【敦】【,】【又】【不】【幸】【落】【入】【贼】【窝】【,】【经】【过】【几】【番】【周】【折】【,】【终】【于】【在】【一】【些】【好】【心】【人】【的】【帮】【助】【下】【夺】【回】【了】【遗】【产】【,】【解】【开】【了】【身】【世】【之】【谜】【的】【故】【事】【。】【合】【上】【书】【,】【映】【入】【眼】【帘】【的】【是】【书】【上】【的】【一】【幅】【画】【,】【画】【上】【画】【着】【:】【在】【一】【个】【伸】【手】【不】【见】【五】【指】【的】【夜】【晚】【,】【一】【个】【男】【孩】【走】【在】【一】【条】【乡】【间】【小】【路】【上】【,】【那】【男】【孩】【穿】【得】【破】【烂】【不】【堪】【,】【衣】【服】【上】【打】【满】【了】【补】【丁】【,】【头】【发】【凌】【乱】【,】【神】【情】【疲】【惫】【而】【坚】【定】【,】【给】【人】【一】【种】【不】【达】【目】【的】【不】【罢】【休】【的】【感】【觉】【。】【他】【的】【嘴】【角】【流】【露】【出】【一】【丝】【不】【易】【察】【觉】【的】【微】【笑】【,】【是】【舒】【心】【的】【笑】【?】【傲】【慢】【的】【笑】【?】【还】【是】【 】【…】【…】【 】【我】【不】【知】【道】【。】【远】【处】【隐】【约】【有】【一】【团】【光】【,】【那】【男】【孩】【大】【步】【流】【星】【地】【往】【那】【边】【走】【,】【他】【深】【知】【:】【有】【光】【就】【有】【希】【望】【,】【有】【希】【望】【就】【有】【远】【方】【。】【他】【的】【胸】【膛】【中】【燃】【起】【一】【团】【火】【,】【我】【知】【道】【,】【那】【是】【希】【望】【之】【火】【,】【一】【个】【从】【小】【就】【受】【尽】【虐】【待】【的】【男】【孩】【是】【多】【么】【渴】【望】【得】【到】【光】【明】【和】【温】【暖】【啊】【!】【他】【就】【是】【这】【样】【坚】【定】【不】【移】【地】【往】【前】【走】【。】【他】【坚】【信】【:】【自】【己】【一】【定】【能】【得】【到】【光】【明】【。】【这】【一】【刻】【,】【我】【被】【震】【撼】【了】【,】【被】【这】【种】【执】【著】【的】【精】【神】【所】【震】【撼】【了】【,】【想】【不】【到】【这】【个】【饱】【受】【迫】【害】【的】【男】【孩】【竟】【然】【拥】【有】【这】【么】【美】【好】【的】【精】【神】【。】【是】【的】【,】【执】【著】【,】【靠】【的】【是】【那】【团】【希】【望】【之】【火】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【再】【细】【看】【这】【幅】【画】【,】【发】【现】【在】【那】【个】【男】【孩】【的】【前】【面】【赫】【然】【有】【几】【块】【大】【大】【小】【小】【的】【石】【头】【,】【想】【必】【就】【是】【人】【们】【常】【说】【的】【“】【拦】【路】【虎】【”】【“】【绊】【脚】【石】【”】【了】【,】【男】【孩】【也】【瞅】【见】【了】【它】【们】【,】【脸】【上】【丝】【毫】【没】【有】【畏】【惧】【之】【色】【,】【依】【然】【镇】【定】【自】【若】【、】【从】【容】【不】【迫】【,】【我】【打】【心】【眼】【儿】【里】【佩】【服】【他】【。】【是】【啊】【,】【在】【人】【生】【的】【道】【路】【上】【,】【不】【可】【能】【一】【帆】【风】【顺】【,】【生】【活】【和】【命】【运】【也】【不】【可】【能】【公】【平】【,】【但】【只】【要】【内】【心】【充】【满】【希】【望】【,】【以】【顽】【强】【的】【意】【志】【和】【非】【凡】【的】【韧】【劲】【去】【战】【胜】【困】【难】【,】【生】【命】【就】【会】【产】【生】【奇】【迹】【。】【困】【难】【并】【不】【可】【怕】【,】【可】【怕】【的】【是】【心】【中】【没】【有】【希】【望】【。】【希】【望】【也】【就】【是】【坚】【定】【的】【信】【念】【,】【没】【有】【了】【希】【望】【,】【也】【失】【去】【了】【目】【标】【,】【生】【活】【也】【没】【有】【了】【意】【义】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【以】【前】【干】【什】【么】【事】【情】【都】【没】【信】【心】【,】【“】【我】【不】【行】【”】【成】【了】【我】【的】【口】【头】【禅】【,】【遇】【到】【什】【么】【困】【难】【都】【只】【是】【叹】【口】【气】【,】【根】【本】【不】【敢】【面】【对】【困】【难】【,】【更】【别】【说】【是】【战】【胜】【了】【,】【甚】【至】【对】【考】【试】【也】【没】【什】【么】【信】【心】【,】【虽】【然】【我】【的】【成】【绩】【并】【不】【是】【很】【差】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【读】【了】【这】【本】【书】【后】【,】【我】【决】【心】【跟】【以】【前】【那】【个】【胆】【小】【怕】【事】【的】【自】【己】【告】【别】【,】【做】【一】【个】【内】【心】【充】【满】【希】【望】【、】【做】【任】【何】【事】【情】【都】【有】【信】【心】【的】【我】【。】【有】【希】【望】【就】【有】【远】【方】【,】【只】【要】【我】【们】【内】【心】【充】【满】【希】【望】【,】【胜】【利】【就】【在】【眼】【前】【,】【让】【我】【们】【跟】【着】【希】【望】【,】【向】【前】【!】【向】【前】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【是】【一】【篇】【中】【学】【生】【作】【文】【。】【小】【作】【者】【用】【自】【己】【读】【书】【的】【片】【段】【经】【历】【,】【把】【一】【个】【抽】【象】【的】【大】【话】【题】【,】【写】【成】【一】【个】【自】【己】【如】【何】【改】【变】【自】【己】【的】【小】【故】【事】【,】【具】【体】【描】【写】【了】【自】【己】【由】【怯】【懦】【到】【树】【立】【信】【心】【的】【心】【路】【历】【程】【,】【有】【理】【有】【据】【,】【化】【抽】【象】【为】【具】【体】【,】【读】【来】【没】【有】【一】【点】【空】【洞】【的】【感】【觉】【。】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【可】【以】【看】【成】【是】【他】【读】【《】【雾】【都】【孤】【儿】【》】【的】【读】【后】【感】【,】【不】【同】【的】【是】【,】【作】【者】【只】【选】【取】【了】【一】【个】【对】【自】【己】【影】【响】【最】【大】【的】【方】【面】【,】【就】【把】【“】【种】【植】【希】【望】【”】【这】【个】【抽】【象】【的】【话】【题】【落】【到】【了】【实】【处】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【么】【,】【用】【什】【么】【方】【法】【可】【以】【在】【写】【文】【章】【时】【达】【到】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【的】【目】【的】【呢】【?】【首】【先】【我】【们】【要】【知】【道】【,】【所】【谓】【“】【虚】【实】【”】【,】【就】【写】【作】【方】【法】【而】【言】【,】【详】【细】【为】【实】【,】【简】【略】【为】【虚】【;】【具】【体】【为】【实】【,】【抽】【象】【为】【虚】【;】【有】【据】【为】【实】【,】【假】【托】【为】【虚】【。】【就】【表】【现】【对】【象】【而】【言】【,】【景】【为】【实】【,】【情】【为】【虚】【;】【眼】【见】【为】【实】【,】【想】【象】【为】【虚】【;】【已】【知】【为】【实】【,】【未】【知】【为】【虚】【。】【理】【解】【了】【这】【些】【,】【也】【就】【找】【到】【了】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【的】【突】【破】【口】【。】【针】【对】【中】【学】【生】【的】【认】【知】【水】【平】【和】【写】【作】【能】【力】【,】【我】【们】【认】【为】【最】【常】【见】【也】【最】【容】【易】【掌】【握】【的】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【的】【方】【法】【有】【两】【点】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【抓】【住】【特】【征】【运】【用】【比】【喻】【等】【修】【辞】【进】【行】【细】【致】【描】【写】【,】【借】【景】【(】【物】【)】【抒】【情】【,】【托】【物】【言】【志】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【写】【文】【章】【首】【要】【的】【一】【点】【,】【当】【然】【还】【是】【立】【足】【于】【写】【实】【。】【写】【真】【实】【的】【事】【物】【、】【真】【实】【的】【事】【件】【、】【真】【实】【的】【人】【和】【社】【会】【。】【用】【实】【在】【的】【有】【形】【的】【事】【物】【来】【表】【现】【虚】【幻】【的】【无】【形】【的】【东】【西】【,】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【,】【化】【抽】【象】【为】【具】【象】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【实】【,】【可】【以】【采】【用】【正】【面】【直】【接】【描】【摹】【的】【方】【法】【,】【讲】【求】【形】【似】【,】【传】【神】【地】【表】【现】【事】【物】【的】【形】【象】【特】【征】【,】【但】【是】【事】【实】【上】【,】【除】【了】【游】【记】【等】【写】【景】【文】【章】【外】【,】【我】【们】【写】【事】【物】【的】【文】【章】【,】【往】【往】【是】【景】【为】【情】【设】【,】【物】【为】【情】【设】【;】【借】【景】【抒】【情】【,】【借】【物】【抒】【情】【。】【在】【这】【里】【,】【景】【、】【物】【为】【实】【,】【情】【感】【为】【虚】【。】【也】【就】【是】【说】【要】【借】【景】【(】【物】【)】【抒】【情】【的】【情】【感】【是】【看】【不】【见】【摸】【不】【着】【的】【,】【要】【将】【这】【种】【虚】【表】【现】【出】【来】【,】【就】【得】【化】【情】【为】【景】【(】【物】【)】【、】【化】【虚】【为】【实】【。】【教】【材】【中】【选】【入】【的】【《】【爱】【莲】【说】【》】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【,】【是】【借】【物】【抒】【情】【的】【典】【范】【之】【作】【。】【作】【品】【抓】【住】【了】【莲】【“】【出】【淤】【泥】【而】【不】【染】【,】【濯】【清】【涟】【而】【不】【妖】【,】【中】【通】【外】【直】【,】【不】【蔓】【不】【枝】【,】【香】【远】【益】【清】【,】【亭】【亭】【净】【植】【,】【可】【远】【观】【而】【不】【可】【亵】【玩】【焉】【”】【这】【一】【形】【象】【特】【征】【,】【含】【蓄】【地】【表】【达】【了】【自】【己】【追】【求】【莲】【一】【样】【洁】【身】【自】【好】【及】【正】【直】【的】【人】【生】【境】【界】【,】【是】【自】【我】【人】【格】【的】【象】【征】【。】【读】【完】【了】【《】【爱】【莲】【说】【》】【,】【我】【们】【眼】【前】【闪】【现】【的】【是】【一】【个】【人】【的】【性】【格】【品】【质】【,】【这】【就】【达】【到】【了】【借】【物】【抒】【情】【的】【最】【高】【境】【界】【。】【我】【们】【来】【赏】【读】【一】【篇】【百】【读】【不】【厌】【的】【学】【生】【作】【品】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】

我的母亲教案:CX-5/朗逸领衔2019年第壹批CCRT车型评价结实颁布匹

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【弯】【眉】【紧】【皱】【,】【朱】【唇】【半】【启】【,】【轻】【叹】【之】【声】【不】【经】【意】【间】【便】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【仿】【若】【思】【考】【,】【亦】【若】【神】【伤】【…】【…】【是】【愁】【那】【晶】【莹】【的】【玉】【镯】【,】【还】【是】【那】【华】【美】【的】【丝】【绸】【?】【是】【愁】【那】【年】【迈】【的】【老】【父】【亲】【呀】【!】【边】【关】【告】【急】【,】【父】【亲】【虽】【已】【年】【迈】【,】【可】【军】【书】【上】【的】【名】【字】【岂】【如】【儿】【戏】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【人】【山】【人】【海】【的】【市】【集】【中】【,】【一】【位】【俏】【美】【的】【少】【女】【穿】【梭】【在】【马】【市】【中】【,】【这】【姑】【娘】【为】【什】【么】【买】【马】【,】【莫】【不】【是】【夫】【君】【远】【征】【,】【需】【要】【骏】【马】【赶】【赴】【沙】【场】【?】【战】【场】【多】【难】【,】【凶】【多】【吉】【少】【,】【人】【们】【对】【姑】【娘】【投】【来】【了】【同】【情】【的】【目】【光】【,】【可】【为】【国】【捐】【躯】【,】【舍】【我】【其】【谁】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【曼】【妙】【的】【身】【躯】【怎】【舍】【得】【裹】【上】【厚】【重】【的】【铁】【铠】【?】【乌】【黑】【的】【秀】【发】【怎】【舍】【得】【曲】【卷】【于】【盔】【帽】【之】【内】【?】【两】【腮】【的】【红】【晕】【怎】【舍】【得】【轻】【拭】【于】【弹】【指】【之】【间】【?】【东】【方】【泛】【起】【了】【鱼】【肚】【皮】【一】【样】【的】【浅】【白】【色】【,】【那】【个】【家】【,】【深】【深】【地】【映】【在】【了】【那】【双】【眼】【睛】【里】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【夜】【色】【中】【她】【身】【着】【铠】【甲】【,】【与】【月】【光】【共】【舞】【,】【她】【在】【舞】【动】【什】【么】【?】【一】【支】【长】【枪】【在】【月】【光】【中】【划】【过】【一】【道】【弧】【线】【,】【清】【冷】【的】【月】【光】【下】【,】【舞】【动】【长】【枪】【间】【,】【谁】【又】【能】【理】【解】【一】【位】【替】【父】【从】【军】【的】【女】【子】【心】【中】【的】【那】【一】【份】【孤】【独】【,】【那】【一】【份】【凄】【凉】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【战】【马】【上】【,】【她】【手】【起】【刀】【落】【,】【骁】【勇】【的】【胡】【骑】【在】【这】【位】【勇】【敢】【的】【姑】【娘】【刀】【下】【也】【无】【可】【奈】【何】【。】【在】【这】【片】【沙】【场】【上】【,】【没】【有】【父】【母】【的】【陪】【伴】【,】【没】【有】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【刀】【光】【剑】【影】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【心】【中】【仅】【存】【的】【那】【份】【勇】【敢】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【竟】【能】【官】【至】【尚】【书】【郎】【,】【在】【金】【钱】【权】【力】【面】【前】【,】【她】【却】【悄】【然】【离】【去】【。】【她】【累】【了】【,】【她】【现】【在】【最】【需】【要】【的】【不】【是】【金】【钱】【,】【不】【是】【官】【位】【,】【她】【所】【需】【要】【的】【是】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【花】【家】【,】【花】【木】【兰】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】我的母亲教案【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【爱】【是】【无】【可】【厚】【非】【的】【,】【但】【爱】【的】【方】【式】【却】【大】【有】【不】【同】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【曾】【经】【看】【过】【一】【篇】【叫】【《】【天】【鹅】【之】【死】【》】【的】【散】【文】【。】【文】【中】【的】【渔】【翁】【夫】【妇】【住】【在】【一】【个】【孤】【岛】【上】【。】【一】【天】【,】【一】【群】【南】【飞】【天】【鹅】【来】【到】【了】【这】【个】【小】【岛】【上】【,】【夫】【妇】【俩】【非】【常】【欢】【喜】【地】【拿】【出】【喂】【鸡】【的】【饲】【料】【和】【打】【来】【的】【小】【鱼】【招】【待】【天】【鹅】【,】【并】【让】【它】【们】【进】【屋】【烤】【火】【取】【暖】【。】【整】【个】【冬】【天】【,】【夫】【妇】【俩】【给】【了】【天】【鹅】【很】【多】【的】【爱】【。】【然】【而】【,】【当】【夫】【妇】【俩】【离】【开】【小】【岛】【的】【第】【二】【个】【寒】【冬】【,】【天】【鹅】【因】【湖】【面】【封】【冻】【没】【有】【食】【物】【可】【吃】【,】【最】【后】【死】【去】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【渔】【翁】【夫】【妇】【对】【天】【鹅】【的】【爱】【很】【感】【人】【,】【但】【他】【们】【万】【万】【没】【有】【想】【到】【,】【就】【是】【这】【感】【人】【的】【爱】【使】【得】【天】【鹅】【不】【再】【想】【着】【迁】【徙】【,】【不】【再】【具】【备】【与】【自】【然】【抗】【争】【的】【力】【量】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【在】【,】【许】【多】【人】【都】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【出】【自】【己】【的】【爱】【,】【他】【们】【认】【为】【:】【付】【出】【的】【爱】【越】【多】【,】【越】【造】【福】【子】【孙】【。】【其】【实】【真】【心】【的】【爱】【不】【需】【要】【过】【量】【,】【过】【分】【的】【爱】【叫】【溺】【爱】【,】【这】【样】【的】【爱】【是】【有】【百】【害】【而】【无】【一】【利】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【今】【,】【每】【年】【都】【有】【很】【多】【大】【、】【中】【、】【小】【学】【生】【因】【父】【母】【的】【关】【爱】【太】【多】【,】【而】【感】【到】【压】【力】【太】【大】【,】【最】【终】【放】【弃】【自】【己】【宝】【贵】【的】【生】【命】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【这】【样】【一】【个】【女】【孩】【,】【父】【母】【为】【了】【让】【她】【全】【身】【心】【投】【入】【到】【学】【习】【中】【,】【所】【以】【总】【是】【给】【予】【她】【最】【好】【的】【照】【顾】【,】【使】【她】【觉】【得】【不】【拿】【最】【高】【分】【,】【不】【排】【第】【一】【名】【实】【在】【是】【对】【不】【起】【父】【母】【。】【因】【此】【,】【她】【苦】【学】【苦】【熬】【,】【长】【久】【以】【来】【,】【她】【在】【老】【师】【眼】【里】【是】【一】【个】【永】【远】【都】【拿】【第】【一】【的】【好】【学】【生】【。】【但】【是】【,】【人】【生】【之】【路】【不】【可】【能】【永】【远】【都】【是】【一】【帆】【风】【顺】【。】【一】【次】【考】【试】【,】【女】【孩】【以】【一】【分】【之】【差】【而】【得】【了】【第】【二】【名】【,】【她】【顿】【时】【觉】【得】【日】【月】【无】【光】【,】【觉】【得】【愧】【对】【父】【母】【对】【自】【己】【的】【诸】【多】【关】【爱】【,】【一】【时】【想】【不】【开】【就】【结】【束】【了】【自】【己】【短】【暂】【而】【宝】【贵】【的】【生】【命】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【对】【父】【母】【自】【认】【为】【给】【了】【女】【儿】【世】【上】【伟】【大】【的】【爱】【,】【但】【因】【为】【他】【们】【爱】【得】【太】【过】【分】【,】【女】【儿】【已】【经】【承】【受】【不】【起】【了】【,】【无】【论】【如】【何】【他】【们】【也】【没】【想】【到】【他】【们】【竟】【成】【为】【杀】【害】【女】【儿】【的】【“】【间】【接】【凶】【手】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【世】【界】【呼】【吁】【爱】【,】【社】【会】【需】【要】【爱】【,】【人】【们】【渴】【望】【爱】【。】【但】【是】【,】【请】【人】【们】【在】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【出】【爱】【的】【同】【时】【,】【好】【好】【想】【一】【想】【,】【这】【过】【量】【的】【爱】【,】【会】【不】【会】【造】【成】【一】【种】【伤】【害】【?】【最】【后】【,】【让】【我】【以】【《】【天】【鹅】【之】【死】【》】【里】【面】【一】【段】【话】【结】【尾】【,】【希】【望】【能】【给】【总】【是】【“】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【爱】【”】【的】【人】【们】【敲】【响】【警】【钟】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【的】【确】【,】【在】【这】【个】【世】【界】【上】【,】【人】【人】【都】【需】【要】【无】【私】【的】【爱】【,】【可】【是】【,】【有】【时】【爱】【也】【是】【一】【种】【伤】【害】【,】【并】【且】【是】【致】【命】【的】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【指】【导】【老】【师】【:】【胡】【建】【新】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【弯】【眉】【紧】【皱】【,】【朱】【唇】【半】【启】【,】【轻】【叹】【之】【声】【不】【经】【意】【间】【便】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【仿】【若】【思】【考】【,】【亦】【若】【神】【伤】【…】【…】【是】【愁】【那】【晶】【莹】【的】【玉】【镯】【,】【还】【是】【那】【华】【美】【的】【丝】【绸】【?】【是】【愁】【那】【年】【迈】【的】【老】【父】【亲】【呀】【!】【边】【关】【告】【急】【,】【父】【亲】【虽】【已】【年】【迈】【,】【可】【军】【书】【上】【的】【名】【字】【岂】【如】【儿】【戏】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【人】【山】【人】【海】【的】【市】【集】【中】【,】【一】【位】【俏】【美】【的】【少】【女】【穿】【梭】【在】【马】【市】【中】【,】【这】【姑】【娘】【为】【什】【么】【买】【马】【,】【莫】【不】【是】【夫】【君】【远】【征】【,】【需】【要】【骏】【马】【赶】【赴】【沙】【场】【?】【战】【场】【多】【难】【,】【凶】【多】【吉】【少】【,】【人】【们】【对】【姑】【娘】【投】【来】【了】【同】【情】【的】【目】【光】【,】【可】【为】【国】【捐】【躯】【,】【舍】【我】【其】【谁】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【曼】【妙】【的】【身】【躯】【怎】【舍】【得】【裹】【上】【厚】【重】【的】【铁】【铠】【?】【乌】【黑】【的】【秀】【发】【怎】【舍】【得】【曲】【卷】【于】【盔】【帽】【之】【内】【?】【两】【腮】【的】【红】【晕】【怎】【舍】【得】【轻】【拭】【于】【弹】【指】【之】【间】【?】【东】【方】【泛】【起】【了】【鱼】【肚】【皮】【一】【样】【的】【浅】【白】【色】【,】【那】【个】【家】【,】【深】【深】【地】【映】【在】【了】【那】【双】【眼】【睛】【里】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【夜】【色】【中】【她】【身】【着】【铠】【甲】【,】【与】【月】【光】【共】【舞】【,】【她】【在】【舞】【动】【什】【么】【?】【一】【支】【长】【枪】【在】【月】【光】【中】【划】【过】【一】【道】【弧】【线】【,】【清】【冷】【的】【月】【光】【下】【,】【舞】【动】【长】【枪】【间】【,】【谁】【又】【能】【理】【解】【一】【位】【替】【父】【从】【军】【的】【女】【子】【心】【中】【的】【那】【一】【份】【孤】【独】【,】【那】【一】【份】【凄】【凉】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【战】【马】【上】【,】【她】【手】【起】【刀】【落】【,】【骁】【勇】【的】【胡】【骑】【在】【这】【位】【勇】【敢】【的】【姑】【娘】【刀】【下】【也】【无】【可】【奈】【何】【。】【在】【这】【片】【沙】【场】【上】【,】【没】【有】【父】【母】【的】【陪】【伴】【,】【没】【有】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【刀】【光】【剑】【影】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【心】【中】【仅】【存】【的】【那】【份】【勇】【敢】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【竟】【能】【官】【至】【尚】【书】【郎】【,】【在】【金】【钱】【权】【力】【面】【前】【,】【她】【却】【悄】【然】【离】【去】【。】【她】【累】【了】【,】【她】【现】【在】【最】【需】【要】【的】【不】【是】【金】【钱】【,】【不】【是】【官】【位】【,】【她】【所】【需】【要】【的】【是】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【花】【家】【,】【花】【木】【兰】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】我的母亲教案【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【①】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【坐】【落】【在】【苏】【北】【古】【镇】【梁】【垛】【2】【0】【国】【道】【与】【她】【擦】【肩】【而】【过】【,】【②】【川】【流】【不】【息】【的】【车】【辆】【带】【来】【了】【众】【多】【的】【信】【息】【与】【商】【品】【,】【带】【来】【了】【家】【乡】【日】【新】【月】【异】【的】【变】【化】【。】【串】【场】【河】【像】【一】【条】【绿】【色】【的】【丝】【绸】【,】【缓】【缓】【地】【向】【北】【飘】【去】【,】【养】【育】【着】【这】【一】【方】【朴】【实】【勤】【劳】【的】【水】【乡】【儿】【女】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【③】【这】【里】【虽】【然】【没】【有】【名】【人】【故】【居】【美】【丽】【传】【说】【,】【也】【没】【有】【名】【胜】【古】【迹】【、】【高】【山】【大】【川】【。】【但】【她】【却】【是】【一】【朵】【刚】【绽】【开】【的】【花】【蕾】【,】【以】【其】【独】【特】【的】【④】【丰】【姿】【给】【人】【美】【的】【享】【受】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【啊】【,】【朋】【友】【,】【请】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【吧】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【⑤】【秋】【天】【,】【是】【家】【乡】【最】【热】【闹】【的】【季】【节】【。】【欢】【乐】【的】【田】【野】【上】【到】【处】【是】【翠】【玉】【镶】【金】【。】【那】【洁】【白】【的】【棉】【絮】【会】【把】【你】【团】【团】【围】【住】【,】【让】【你】【置】【身】【于】【白】【云】【中】【,】【一】【时】【竟】【不】【知】【高】【低】【,】【不】【辨】【东】【西】【。】【远】【处】【,】【一】【望】【无】【际】【的】【金】【黄】【色】【的】【稻】【子】【在】【微】【风】【中】【向】【你】【频】【频】【招】【手】【,】【急】【不】【可】【耐】【地】【叫】【着】【:】【“】【熟】【了】【!】【熟】【了】【!】【”】【⑥】【月】【光】【下】【热】【情】【好】【客】【的】【家】【乡】【人】【会】【拉】【着】【你】【的】【手】【谈】【天】【说】【地】【。】【那】【时】【候】【,】【他】【们】【会】【忘】【记】【一】【天】【的】【疲】【劳】【掰】【着】【手】【指】【头】【告】【诉】【你】【,】【谁】【家】【的】【小】【伙】【子】【出】【门】【半】【年】【就】【成】【了】【小】【老】【板】【,】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【足】【不】【出】【户】【却】【是】【名】【闻】【遐】【迩】【的】【养】【蚕】【好】【手】【。】【他】【们】【仿】【佛】【有】【说】【不】【尽】【的】【新】【鲜】【事】【,】【⑦】【道】【不】【完】【的】【幸】【福】【水】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【⑧】【伴】【随】【着】【春】【天】【的】【脚】【步】【,】【展】【现】【你】【眼】【前】【的】【又】【是】【另】【一】【番】【景】【象】【。】【⑨】【黑】【土】【地】【立】【刻】【换】【上】【了】【一】【身】【绿】【装】【。】【金】【灿】【灿】【的】【油】【菜】【花】【⑩】【装】【满】【了】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【,】【惹】【来】【了】【一】【大】【群】【的】【蜜】【蜂】【、】【蝴】【蝶】【。】【绿】【油】【油】【的】【麦】【子】【也】【俯】【首】【微】【笑】【仿】【佛】【预】【示】【着】【又】【是】【一】【个】【丰】【收】【年】【。】【【】【1】【1】【】】【人】【们】【的】【欢】【歌】【笑】【语】【、】【机】【器】【的】【轰】【鸣】【声】【奏】【起】【了】【最】【动】【听】【的】【“】【闹】【三】【春】【”】【交】【响】【乐】【!】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【你】【知】【道】【吗】【,】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【一】【起】【捕】【鱼】【,】【这】【可】【是】【一】【件】【乐】【事】【。】【串】【场】【河】【以】【及】【大】【大】【小】【小】【的】【鱼】【塘】【是】【【】【1】【2】【】】【取】【之】【不】【尽】【的】【渔】【场】【。】【不】【必】【说】【柳】【下】【垂】【钓】【趣】【,】【烟】【雨】【透】【蓑】【衣】【,】【也】【不】【必】【说】【白】【帆】【映】【碧】【水】【,】【渔】【歌】【唱】【晚】【霞】【,】【单】【是】【冬】【季】【破】【冰】【捕】【鱼】【就】【可】【以】【让】【你】【乐】【而】【忘】【返】【了】【。】【请】【看】【吧】【,】【【】【1】【3】【】】【一】【网】【收】【到】【净】【是】【鱼】【,】【大】【的】【四】【五】【斤】【,】【小】【的】【也】【有】【二】【三】【斤】【,】【有】【时】【还】【能】【网】【到】【几】【只】【冬】【季】【罕】【见】【的】【大】【螃】【蟹】【。】【于】【是】【晚】【上】【便】【有】【鲜】【鱼】【肥】【蟹】【下】【饭】【了】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【【】【1】【4】【】】【朋】【友】【,】【如】【果】【说】【祖】【国】【是】【一】【座】【大】【花】【园】【,】【那】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【就】【是】【一】【朵】【带】【露】【的】【玫】【瑰】【沐】【浴】【着】【党】【的】【雨】【露】【阳】【光】【,】【开】【得】【更】【加】【绚】【丽】【多】【彩】【。】【2】【0】【年】【,】【我】【们】【镇】【纳】【税】【超】【亿】【元】【,】【跻】【身】【于】【苏】【北】【小】【康】【示】【范】【镇】【的】【行】【列】【。】【如】【今】【家】【乡】【人】【又】【在】【奏】【起】【时】【代】【的】【最】【强】【音】【加】【强】【精】【神】【文】【明】【建】【设】【,】【争】【取】【早】【日】【跨】【入】【省】【文】【明】【镇】【的】【先】【进】【行】【列】【。】【祝】【愿】【家】【乡】【骑】【上】【时】【代】【的】【骏】【马】【奔】【驰】【吧】【!】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【朋】【友】【,】【请】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【吧】【!】【这】【里】【物】【阜】【民】【丰】【,】【景】【美】【,】【人】【更】【美】【。】【你】【来】【了】【,】【保】【证】【你】【看】【不】【够】【,】【观】【不】【尽】【,】【梦】【里】【再】【重】【游】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【●】【点】【评】【:】【读】【罢】【这】【篇】【习】【作】【,】【感】【到】【有】【一】【种】【【】【1】【5】【】】【浓】【郁】【的】【乡】【土】【气】【息】【,】【清】【新】【而】【自】【然】【加】【之】【文】【题】【上】【一】【个】【“】【请】【”】【字】【,】【倍】【觉】【作】【者】【对】【家】【乡】【小】【镇】【的】【热】【爱】【之】【情】【。】【作】【者】【【】【1】【6】【】】【观】【察】【细】【致】【,】【反】【映】【家】【乡】【风】【貌】【,】【抓】【住】【了】【特】【色】【。】【既】【撷】【取】【了】【春】【、】【秋】【两】【季】【苏】【北】【水】【乡】【的】【不】【同】【的】【场】【景】【来】【写】【,】【又】【描】【写】【了】【冬】【季】【捕】【鱼】【这】【一】【令】【人】【乐】【而】【忘】【返】【的】【【】【1】【7】【】】【场】【面】【;】【既】【是】【一】【幅】【风】【景】【画】【、】【【】【1】【8】【】】【风】【俗】【画】【,】【又】【处】【处】【突】【出】【了】【家】【乡】【人】【的】【力】【量】【和】【精】【神】【,】【提】【升】【了】【文】【章】【的】【内】【涵】【▲】【另】【外】【,】【语】【言】【也】【形】【象】【生】【动】【,】【富】【有】【诗】【意】【一】【是】【综】【合】【运】【用】【了】【拟】【人】【、】【比】【喻】【等】【多】【种】【修】【辞】【手】【法】【,】【增】【添】【了】【文】【章】【的】【美】【感】【;】【二】【是】【善】【翻】【古】【人】【意】【,】【如】【“】【柳】【下】【垂】【钓】【趣】【,】【烟】【雨】【透】【蓑】【衣】【”】【“】【白】【帆】【映】【碧】【水】【,】【渔】【歌】【唱】【晚】【霞】【”】【读】【来】【更】【具】【【】【1】【9】【】】【艺】【术】【感】【染】【力】【;】【三】【是】【长】【句】【与】【短】【句】【、】【整】【句】【与】【散】【句】【的】【结】【合】【,】【使】【行】【文】【活】【泼】【、】【自】【由】【。】【这】【些】【都】【足】【见】【小】【作】【者】【【】【2】【0】【】】【在】【炼】【字】【炼】【句】【上】【下】【了】【工】【夫】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【①】【“】【坐】【落】【”】【一】【词】【是】【多】【余】【的】【。】【第】【一】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【苏】【北】【古】【镇】【梁】【垛】【是】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【②】【“】【信】【息】【”】【用】【“】【众】【多】【”】【来】【形】【容】【欠】【妥】【。】【“】【商】【品】【”】【既】【有】【带】【来】【的】【,】【也】【有】【运】【出】【的】【。】【画】【线】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【便】【捷】【的】【交】【通】【促】【进】【了】【经】【济】【的】【繁】【荣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【③】【此】【处】【可】【改】【为】【:】【这】【里】【虽】【然】【没】【有】【名】【胜】【古】【迹】【、】【美】【丽】【传】【说】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【④】【“】【丰】【姿】【”】【改】【为】【“】【风】【姿】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑤】【画】【线】【句】【对】【全】【段】【有】【引】【领】【的】【作】【用】【,】【但】【“】【热】【闹】【”】【似】【不】【如】【“】【繁】【忙】【”】【来】【得】【贴】【切】【。】【“】【翠】【玉】【镶】【金】【”】【用】【得】【也】【欠】【妥】【,】【因】【为】【棉】【田】【和】【稻】【田】【之】【间】【不】【存】【在】【“】【镶】【”】【和】【被】【“】【镶】【”】【的】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑥】【为】【什】【么】【一】【定】【要】【在】【月】【光】【下】【呢】【?】【完】【全】【可】【以】【没】【有】【这】【个】【时】【间】【限】【制】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑦】【画】【线】【句】【不】【通】【,】【只】【要】【把】【“】【水】【”】【改】【成】【“】【感】【”】【即】【可】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑧】【此】【句】【最】【好】【改】【为】【:】【春】【天】【,】【是】【家】【乡】【最】【美】【丽】【的】【季】【节】【。】【这】【样】【就】【可】【与】【前】【一】【段】【相】【呼】【应】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑨】【苏】【北】【的】【土】【地】【并】【非】【是】【黑】【色】【的】【,】【不】【要】【硬】【搬】【现】【成】【的】【词】【语】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑩】【用】【词】【生】【硬】【,】【—】【—】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【能】【“】【装】【”】【得】【下】【吗】【?】【画】【线】【句】【删】【去】【反】【而】【和】【下】【文】【接】【得】【更】【紧】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【1】【】】【画】【线】【句】【为】【套】【话】【。】【记】【住】【,】【这】【是】【广】【阔】【的】【田】【野】【,】【如】【果】【是】【在】【建】【筑】【工】【地】【或】【工】【厂】【的】【厂】【房】【里】【,】【则】【还】【有】【可】【能】【。】【删】【掉】【也】【不】【影】【响】【文】【中】【的】【表】【达】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【2】【】】【天】【下】【并】【没】【有】【“】【取】【之】【不】【尽】【的】【渔】【场】【”】【,】【赞】【美】【家】【乡】【,】【也】【不】【可】【有】【夸】【大】【之】【词】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【3】【】】【画】【线】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【网】【网】【打】【起】【的】【都】【是】【活】【蹦】【乱】【跳】【的】【肥】【鱼】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【4】【】】【这】【一】【段】【的】【首】【句】【是】【套】【话】【,】【改】【为】【:】【家】【乡】【的】【经】【济】【发】【展】【更】【是】【迅】【速】【。】【这】【样】【和】【下】【文】【联】【系】【就】【紧】【密】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【5】【】】【“】【点】【评】【”】【写】【得】【尚】【可】【,】【但】【仍】【有】【可】【商】【榷】【之】【处】【。】【“】【浓】【郁】【”】【二】【字】【还】【谈】【不】【上】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【6】【】】【从】【文】【中】【看】【不】【出】【作】【者】【有】【细】【致】【的】【观】【察】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【7】【】】【本】【文】【并】【无】【场】【面】【描】【写】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【8】【】】【“】【风】【俗】【画】【”】【无】【从】【谈】【起】【,】【“】【处】【处】【突】【出】【”】【则】【有】【过】【誉】【之】【嫌】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【▲】【本】【文】【语】【言】【有】【优】【点】【,】【但】【问】【题】【似】【更】【多】【些】【。】【讲】【优】【点】【,】【也】【需】【恰】【如】【其】【分】【才】【是】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【9】【】】【“】【艺】【术】【感】【染】【力】【”】【这】【样】【的】【词】【语】【一】【般】【不】【能】【用】【来】【评】【价】【学】【生】【作】【文】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【2】【0】【】】【现】【在】【能】【在】【“】【炼】【字】【炼】【句】【上】【下】【工】【夫】【”】【的】【学】【生】【恐】【怕】【是】【少】【而】【又】【少】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

我的母亲教案:2019上半年英语四级白话试场话题:讲座

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【少】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【课】【上】【常】【常】【感】【到】【“】【没】【什】【么】【可】【写】【”】【,】【或】【抱】【着】【“】【抓】【到】【一】【个】【算】【一】【个】【”】【,】【“】【拾】【到】【篮】【里】【就】【是】【菜】【”】【的】【态】【度】【,】【这】【是】【不】【可】【取】【的】【。】【没】【有】【米】【,】【当】【然】【无】【以】【成】【粥】【;】【有】【了】【米】【呢】【,】【关】【键】【还】【要】【注】【意】【舂】【洗】【,】【去】【除】【杂】【质】【,】【这】【样】【烧】【成】【的】【粥】【才】【香】【甜】【可】【口】【。】【怎】【样】【把】【自】【己】【所】【汲】【取】【的】【材】【料】【用】【在】【作】【文】【里】【呢】【?】【这】【涉】【及】【文】【章】【的】【选】【材】【问】【题】【。】【选】【材】【就】【是】【细】【筛】【精】【选】【材】【料】【,】【即】【在】【确】【立】【文】【章】【主】【旨】【的】【基】【础】【上】【对】【占】【有】【的】【材】【料】【进】【行】【取】【舍】【的】【构】【思】【过】【程】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【得】【当】【,】【可】【以】【增】【强】【文】【章】【的】【表】【现】【力】【,】【让】【同】【学】【和】【老】【师】【刮】【目】【相】【看】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【不】【当】【,】【就】【会】【干】【扰】【、】【冲】【淡】【文】【章】【的】【主】【题】【,】【影】【响】【、】【削】【弱】【文】【章】【的】【说】【服】【力】【、】【感】【染】【力】【。】【从】【这】【个】【意】【义】【上】【说】【,】【选】【材】【的】【确】【是】【一】【门】【高】【超】【的】【写】【作】【艺】【术】【。】【那】【么】【,】【如】【何】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【作】【文】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【切】【题】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【准】【确】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【,】【指】【文】【章】【中】【所】【选】【用】【的】【材】【料】【要】【符】【合】【中】【心】【的】【需】【要】【,】【使】【材】【料】【的】【含】【义】【与】【主】【题】【完】【全】【一】【致】【。】【因】【为】【文】【章】【的】【中】【心】【是】【蕴】【涵】【渗】【透】【在】【材】【料】【之】【中】【的】【,】【特】【定】【的】【材】【料】【只】【能】【表】【现】【一】【个】【特】【定】【的】【中】【心】【,】【所】【以】【选】【材】【必】【须】【切】【题】【。】【要】【力】【求】【选】【取】【最】【能】【表】【现】【中】【心】【的】【材】【料】【,】【果】【断】【舍】【弃】【与】【中】【心】【无】【关】【的】【材】【料】【。】【万】【不】【可】【把】【跟】【中】【心】【毫】【无】【关】【系】【的】【材】【料】【堆】【砌】【起】【来】【硬】【凑】【成】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【。】【这】【好】【比】【“】【煮】【鸡】【不】【煺】【毛】【”】【,】【鸡】【肉】【本】【是】【珍】【馐】【佳】【肴】【,】【若】【连】【毛】【一】【起】【煮】【,】【谁】【还】【愿】【吃】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【熟】【知】【的】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【小】【说】【《】【孔】【乙】【己】【》】【,】【它】【之】【所】【以】【脍】【炙】【人】【口】【,】【恐】【怕】【跟】【作】【者】【精】【心】【的】【选】【材】【不】【无】【关】【系】【。】【文】【章】【浓】【墨】【重】【彩】【地】【详】【写】【孔】【乙】【己】【那】【又】【脏】【又】【破】【的】【长】【衫】【、】【为】【掩】【饰】【偷】【书】【的】【辩】【白】【、】【之】【乎】【者】【也】【的】【谈】【吐】【以】【及】【教】【认】【“】【茴】【”】【字】【的】【四】【种】【写】【法】【。】【这】【些】【题】【材】【表】【现】【了】【孔】【乙】【己】【的】【迂】【腐】【、】【麻】【木】【,】【充】【分】【说】【明】【他】【受】【封】【建】【教】【育】【思】【想】【毒】【害】【之】【深】【,】【说】【明】【科】【举】【制】【度】【不】【是】【把】【人】【培】【养】【成】【丁】【举】【人】【那】【样】【的】【损】【人】【者】【,】【就】【是】【把】【人】【糟】【蹋】【成】【孔】【乙】【己】【这】【样】【的】【被】【损】【害】【者】【。】【而】【对】【孔】【乙】【己】【如】【何】【偷】【书】【、】【如】【何】【挨】【打】【的】【过】【程】【,】【虽】【从】【侧】【面】【略】【写】【,】【但】【这】【些】【材】【料】【也】【与】【表】【达】【中】【心】【有】【关】【系】【,】【只】【不】【过】【作】【者】【采】【用】【这】【种】【有】【正】【有】【侧】【,】【有】【详】【有】【略】【的】【描】【写】【,】【使】【故】【事】【情】【节】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【一】【味】【详】【或】【一】【味】【略】【都】【会】【使】【读】【者】【感】【到】【厌】【倦】【。】【总】【之】【,】【材】【料】【要】【服】【从】【“】【意】【”】【的】【安】【排】【,】【要】【以】【“】【意】【”】【统】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【的】【问】【题】【如】【此】【重】【要】【,】【而】【中】【学】【生】【作】【文】【中】【的】【选】【材】【毛】【病】【却】【又】【常】【常】【出】【在】【这】【里】【。】【究】【其】【原】【因】【有】【二】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【 】【不】【勤】【于】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【些】【学】【生】【写】【作】【文】【喜】【欢】【速】【成】【,】【提】【笔】【便】【写】【,】【写】【完】【后】【忽】【然】【感】【到】【还】【有】【更】【切】【题】【的】【材】【料】【。】【怎】【么】【办】【?】【删】【去】【重】【写】【。】【倘】【在】【平】【时】【,】【倒】【也】【罢】【了】【;】【若】【是】【限】【时】【作】【文】【,】【删】【吧】【不】【允】【许】【,】【不】【删】【吧】【却】【不】【甘】【心】【。】【这】【样】【岂】【不】【搞】【得】【很】【尴】【尬】【?】【如】【果】【在】【动】【笔】【前】【给】【自】【己】【留】【点】【时】【间】【,】【将】【所】【有】【能】【够】【想】【到】【的】【材】【料】【都】【集】【中】【起】【来】【,】【给】【它】【们】【排】【排】【队】【,】【从】【中】【确】【定】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【不】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【先】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【后】【用】【,】【经】【过】【一】【番】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【,】【就】【不】【会】【手】【忙】【脚】【乱】【、】【顾】【此】【失】【彼】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【不】【善】【于】【选】【用】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【的】【学】【生】【时】【常】【感】【叹】【,】【同】【一】【件】【事】【、】【同】【一】【个】【人】【,】【别】【人】【写】【出】【来】【就】【格】【外】【细】【致】【、】【生】【动】【,】【而】【一】【到】【自】【己】【手】【里】【就】【干】【瘪】【得】【很】【。】【原】【因】【在】【于】【选】【材】【时】【只】【限】【于】【一】【些】【直】【接】【的】【、】【正】【面】【的】【表】【现】【主】【题】【的】【材】【料】【,】【而】【对】【那】【些】【间】【接】【的】【、】【侧】【面】【的】【材】【料】【则】【熟】【视】【无】【睹】【,】【冷】【落】【不】【用】【。】【这】【些】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【表】【面】【看】【上】【去】【似】【与】【写】【作】【意】【图】【没】【有】【多】【大】【关】【系】【,】【可】【是】【经】【过】【作】【者】【精】【巧】【的】【剪】【裁】【加】【工】【,】【却】【可】【以】【出】【人】【意】【料】【地】【对】【主】【题】【起】【到】【烘】【托】【、】【反】【衬】【、】【强】【化】【的】【作】【用】【,】【使】【文】【章】【血】【肉】【丰】【满】【,】【细】【腻】【感】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【真】【实】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【清】【代】【学】【者】【钱】【谦】【益】【说】【:】【“】【真】【则】【精】【金】【美】【玉】【,】【伪】【则】【瓦】【砾】【粪】【土】【也】【。】【”】【这】【句】【话】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【在】【作】【文】【选】【材】【时】【,】【不】【只】【要】【看】【材】【料】【是】【否】【切】【题】【,】【还】【要】【看】【它】【是】【否】【真】【实】【,】【是】【否】【具】【有】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【。】【只】【有】【真】【实】【,】【只】【有】【信】【实】【,】【文】【章】【才】【有】【生】【命】【力】【,】【才】【能】【感】【动】【人】【、】【打】【动】【人】【。】【选】【材】【真】【实】【包】【含】【两】【方】【面】【内】【容】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【?】【郾】【 】【生】【活】【真】【实】【:】【选】【取】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【真】【实】【的】【材】【料】【,】【必】【然】【是】【为】【同】【学】【们】【所】【熟】【知】【的】【材】【料】【。】【法】【国】【艺】【术】【大】【师】【罗】【丹】【说】【过】【:】【“】【最】【美】【的】【题】【材】【摆】【在】【你】【们】【面】【前】【,】【那】【就】【是】【你】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【物】【。】【”】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【得】【心】【应】【手】【。】【假】【如】【没】【有】【登】【过】【东】【岳】【,】【决】【不】【会】【有】【“】【一】【览】【众】【山】【小】【”】【的】【感】【受】【;】【如】【果】【没】【有】【见】【过】【庐】【山】【,】【一】【定】【不】【会】【产】【生】【“】【飞】【流】【直】【下】【三】【千】【尺】【”】【的】【共】【鸣】【。】【不】【置】【身】【于】【枫】【林】【晚】【景】【,】【哪】【有】【“】【霜】【叶】【红】【于】【二】【月】【花】【”】【之】【赞】【叹】【;】【不】【亲】【历】【水】【乡】【春】【天】【,】【怎】【会】【直】【抒】【“】【能】【不】【忆】【江】【南】【”】【之】【胸】【臆】【。】【中】【学】【生】【们】【初】【学】【写】【作】【,】【应】【该】【选】【取】【自】【己】【最】【为】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【或】【事】【来】【写】【。】【在】【童】【年】【的】【漫】【长】【记】【忆】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【终】【生】【难】【忘】【的】【趣】【事】【;】【在】【朝】【夕】【相】【处】【的】【伙】【伴】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【情】【投】【意】【合】【的】【挚】【友】【;】【在】【成】【长】【的】【日】【历】【里】【,】【一】【定】【记】【载】【着】【我】【们】【的】【成】【功】【与】【失】【败】【。】【何】【不】【把】【它】【们】【拿】【来】【,】【使】【之】【成】【为】【同】【学】【们】【作】【文】【的】【最】【佳】【题】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【朱】【自】【清】【的】【《】【背】【影】【》】【,】【一】【直】【是】【初】【中】【课】【本】【的】【保】【留】【篇】【目】【,】【感】【动】【过】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【读】【者】【,】【教】【育】【了】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【学】【子】【。】【然】【而】【,】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【的】【语】【言】【极】【其】【质】【朴】【无】【华】【,】【何】【以】【这】【般】【感】【人】【至】【深】【?】【一】【个】【重】【要】【原】【因】【就】【是】【作】【者】【写】【的】【是】【自】【己】【的】【亲】【身】【经】【历】【、】【亲】【身】【感】【受】【,】【人】【真】【事】【真】【,】【情】【真】【意】【真】【。】【每】【个】【人】【都】【有】【自】【己】【的】【家】【庭】【,】【家】【庭】【是】【同】【学】【们】【生】【活】【的】【摇】【篮】【。】【家】【庭】【里】【有】【我】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【和】【事】【,】【有】【我】【们】【最】【受】【感】【动】【的】【材】【料】【。】【这】【儿】【有】【温】【馨】【,】【有】【和】【谐】【,】【有】【天】【下】【最】【博】【大】【深】【沉】【、】【最】【细】【腻】【真】【挚】【的】【亲】【情】【,】【父】【母】【之】【恩】【、】【祖】【孙】【之】【爱】【、】【手】【足】【之】【情】【…】【…】【但】【这】【里】【也】【不】【常】【是】【宁】【静】【的】【港】【湾】【,】【有】【时】【也】【会】【风】【波】【骤】【起】【,】【让】【人】【好】【生】【烦】【恼】【。】【其】【实】【,】【亲】【昵】【也】【罢】【,】【唠】【叨】【也】【罢】【,】【攀】【谈】【也】【罢】【,】【争】【执】【也】【罢】【,】【此】【间】【蕴】【涵】【的】【永】【远】【是】【人】【类】【最】【圣】【洁】【的】【情】【愫】【。】【还】【记】【否】【?】【那】【委】【屈】【后】【的】【一】【句】【慰】【藉】【,】【那】【挫】【折】【后】【的】【一】【次】【抚】【摸】【,】【不】【似】【那】【春】【风】【细】【雨】【滋】【润】【心】【头】【?】【无】【须】【惊】【讶】【,】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【可】【能】【是】【平】【凡】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【平】【淡】【的】【,】【家】【庭】【故】【事】【可】【能】【是】【单】【纯】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【单】【调】【的】【,】【但】【只】【要】【用】【心】【体】【会】【,】【努】【力】【挖】【掘】【出】【心】【灵】【深】【处】【某】【段】【不】【寻】【常】【的】【历】【程】【,】【或】【许】【记】【下】【亲】【人】【间】【的】【一】【个】【细】【小】【动】【作】【、】【一】【个】【细】【微】【情】【节】【、】【一】【个】【眼】【神】【、】【一】【种】【姿】【势】【,】【以】【此】【传】【达】【自】【己】【真】【真】【切】【切】【的】【亲】【情】【感】【受】【和】【对】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【的】【深】【刻】【理】【解】【,】【就】【会】【写】【出】【一】【个】【动】【人】【的】【家】【,】【让】【人】【震】【颤】【,】【让】【人】【共】【鸣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【选】【材】【真】【实】【是】【文】【章】【的】【生】【命】【保】【证】【。】【那】【些】【胡】【编】【乱】【造】【的】【所】【谓】【“】【感】【人】【”】【故】【事】【,】【只】【会】【让】【读】【者】【反】【感】【。】【有】【一】【些】【学】【生】【为】【了】【表】【明】【自】【己】【的】【“】【崇】【高】【”】【,】【文】【章】【始】【终】【不】【离】【“】【车】【上】【让】【座】【”】【、】【“】【捐】【钱】【救】【灾】【”】【“】【入】【水】【救】【人】【”】【等】【。】【我】【们】【希】【望】【社】【会】【充】【满】【关】【怀】【,】【充】【满】【和】【谐】【,】【可】【是】【我】【们】【不】【希】【望】【学】【生】【的】【文】【章】【里】【始】【终】【充】【满】【假】【话】【、】【充】【满】【谎】【言】【。】【俗】【话】【说】【:】【不】【真】【读】【者】【无】【。】【选】【择】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【固】【然】【要】【抛】【弃】【那】【些】【胡】【乱】【地】【编】【造】【故】【事】【、】【想】【当】【然】【地】【塑】【造】【人】【物】【以】【及】【无】【中】【生】【有】【地】【捏】【造】【感】【情】【的】【做】【法】【。】【然】【而】【,】【如】【果】【一】【味】【地】【直】【录】【生】【活】【,】【不】【作】【任】【何】【剪】【接】【加】【工】【,】【甚】【至】【把】【那】【些】【不】【成】【熟】【的】【感】【受】【、】【不】【健】【康】【的】【情】【调】【也】【带】【进】【文】【章】【中】【来】【,】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【只】【会】【黯】【然】【失】【色】【,】【何】【谈】【动】【人】【?】【这】【也】【正】【是】【下】【文】【要】【谈】【到】【的】【选】【材】【真】【实】【的】【又】【一】【方】【面】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【:】【提】【炼】【典】【型】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【没】【有】【真】【实】【生】【活】【,】【就】【没】【有】【文】【章】【的】【源】【泉】【。】【没】【有】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【,】【文】【章】【就】【失】【去】【了】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【,】【是】【谓】【“】【无】【假】【文】【章】【少】【”】【。】【“】【假】【”】【,】【不】【是】【选】【材】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【假】【”】【,】【而】【是】【艺】【术】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【构】【”】【,】【即】【在】【真】【实】【生】【活】【的】【基】【础】【上】【进】【行】【技】【巧】【性】【的】【加】【工】【,】【如】【设】【置】【悬】【念】【、】【修】【饰】【语】【言】【等】【。】【它】【摒】【弃】【作】【文】【中】【对】【生】【活】【原】【封】【不】【动】【的】【反】【映】【,】【力】【求】【化】【实】【为】【虚】【、】【由】【虚】【而】【实】【、】【虚】【实】【相】【生】【。】【一】【堆】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【,】【本】【无】【多】【少】【美】【感】【,】【很】【有】【可】【能】【成】【为】【扫】【除】【的】【对】【象】【,】【但】【在】【画】【家】【笔】【下】【,】【却】【是】【一】【幅】【绝】【美】【的】【天】【然】【图】【画】【。】【这】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【是】【画】【家】【心】【之】【感】【悟】【,】【是】【一】【种】【艺】【术】【的】【真】【实】【。】【由】【“】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【”】【到】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【有】【一】【个】【提】【炼】【加】【工】【的】【过】【程】【,】【这】【个】【过】【程】【就】【是】【由】【“】【真】【”】【到】【“】【假】【”】【、】【由】【“】【生】【活】【真】【实】【”】【到】【“】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【”】【。】【同】【样】【,】【作】【家】【在】【选】【材】【中】【也】【常】【循】【此】【规】【律】【,】【小】【到】【一】【句】【话】【,】【大】【至】【一】【个】【人】【物】【,】【都】【要】【作】【艺】【术】【处】【理】【,】【进】【行】【必】【要】【的】【“】【包】【装】【”】【。】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【在】【《】【阿】【Q】【正】【传】【》】【中】【,】【把】【现】【实】【生】【活】【里】【许】【多】【人】【相】【类】【似】【的】【性】【格】【浓】【缩】【并】【加】【以】【夸】【张】【,】【集】【中】【于】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【身】【上】【,】【尽】【管】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【在】【现】【实】【生】【活】【中】【是】【没】【有】【的】【,】【但】【他】【的】【性】【格】【却】【能】【在】【许】【多】【人】【身】【上】【找】【出】【来】【。】【这】【个】【放】【大】【的】【、】【包】【装】【了】【的】【阿】【Q】【性】【格】【,】【更】【典】【型】【、】【更】【集】【中】【地】【反】【映】【了】【人】【物】【的】【本】【质】【特】【征】【,】【从】【而】【成】【为】【文】【学】【史】【上】【的】【不】【朽】【形】【象】【。】【这】【里】【要】【告】【诉】【同】【学】【们】【,】【在】【作】【文】【中】【,】【无】【论】【是】【写】【人】【、】【叙】【事】【,】【还】【是】【状】【物】【,】【很】【需】【要】【豁】【达】【一】【点】【、】【变】【通】【一】【点】【、】【灵】【巧】【一】【点】【,】【既】【尊】【重】【生】【活】【又】【不】【拘】【泥】【于】【生】【活】【原】【色】【,】【方】【能】【使】【文】【章】【达】【到】【反】【映】【生】【活】【、】【服】【务】【生】【活】【并】【高】【于】【生】【活】【的】【目】【的】【。】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【,】【才】【更】【富】【有】【积】【极】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【新】【颖】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【效】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【,】【就】【是】【别】【人】【没】【有】【发】【现】【使】【用】【过】【的】【材】【料】【,】【抑】【或】【别】【人】【写】【过】【却】【还】【能】【从】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【的】【材】【料】【。】【材】【料】【新】【颖】【生】【动】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【留】【有】【回】【味】【,】【读】【起】【来】【才】【能】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【。】【这】【样】【来】【选】【材】【,】【必】【能】【使】【作】【文】【产】【生】【令】【人】【耳】【目】【一】【新】【之】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【学】【生】【在】【选】【材】【过】【程】【中】【常】【有】【这】【样】【的】【困】【惑】【:】【自】【己】【与】【其】【他】【同】【学】【生】【活】【、】【处】【境】【没】【什】【么】【大】【差】【别】【,】【日】【子】【平】【淡】【得】【近】【乎】【于】【单】【调】【,】【能】【有】【什】【么】【新】【颖】【的】【素】【材】【呢】【?】【写】【同】【窗】【总】【难】【忘】【“】【半】【块】【橡】【皮】【”】【,】【写】【父】【母】【总】【牵】【扯】【到】【“】【一】【把】【雨】【伞】【”】【,】【写】【爱】【心】【总】【离】【不】【开】【“】【希】【望】【工】【程】【”】【。】【诸】【如】【此】【类】【,】【把】【生】【活】【生】【硬】【分】【割】【,】【使】【人】【读】【之】【生】【厌】【。】【特】【别】【是】【写】【老】【师】【,】【一】【些】【同】【学】【的】【习】【作】【在】【选】【材】【上】【常】【犯】【“】【公】【式】【化】【”】【的】【毛】【病】【,】【一】【般】【都】【写】【老】【师】【有】【一】【头】【被】【粉】【笔】【染】【白】【的】【头】【发】【,】【刻】【苦】【钻】【研】【的】【精】【神】【,】【辛】【勤】【备】【课】【、】【上】【课】【,】【认】【真】【批】【改】【作】【业】【,】【个】【别】【辅】【导】【,】【等】【等】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【许】【多】【学】【生】【的】【老】【师】【都】【有】【一】【个】【惊】【人】【的】【特】【点】【:】【爱】【生】【病】【。】【好】【像】【学】【生】【特】【别】【喜】【欢】【老】【师】【生】【病】【,】【如】【果】【老】【师】【不】【生】【病】【便】【没】【有】【题】【材】【可】【写】【了】【。】【这】【样】【写】【出】【来】【的】【老】【师】【千】【篇】【一】【律】【、】【千】【人】【一】【面】【,】【没】【有】【个】【性】【,】【使】【文】【章】【失】【去】【了】【生】【命】【力】【。】【出】【现】【这】【种】【情】【况】【的】【原】【因】【,】【在】【于】【同】【学】【们】【对】【老】【师】【缺】【乏】【深】【入】【细】【致】【的】【了】【解】【,】【缺】【少】【师】【生】【间】【的】【个】【性】【情】【缘】【,】【由】【于】【“】【眼】【中】【无】【师】【”】【和】【“】【胸】【中】【无】【师】【”】【,】【自】【然】【不】【会】【有】【“】【手】【中】【之】【师】【”】【,】【只】【好】【按】【头】【脑】【中】【固】【有】【的】【“】【老】【师】【模】【式】【”】【凭】【空】【编】【造】【故】【事】【。】【不】【错】【,】【老】【师】【有】【老】【师】【的】【共】【性】【,】【他】【们】【为】【人】【师】【表】【、】【呕】【心】【沥】【血】【、】【对】【学】【生】【关】【怀】【备】【至】【,】【但】【他】【们】【又】【有】【个】【性】【:】【有】【的】【老】【师】【温】【和】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【严】【谨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【朋】【友】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【是】【长】【者】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【似】【一】【缕】【春】【风】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【一】【丝】【秋】【雨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【像】【热】【情】【的】【路】【标】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【冷】【峻】【的】【航】【灯】【…】【…】【凡】【此】【种】【种】【,】【都】【是】【写】【作】【的】【极】【好】【素】【材】【,】【很】【可】【惜】【,】【这】【些】【个】【性】【化】【的】【老】【师】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【同】【学】【却】【没】【能】【留】【心】【。】【怎】【样】【才】【能】【在】【作】【文】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【,】【别】【具】【一】【格】【呢】【?】【用】【自】【己】【的】【慧】【眼】【去】【发】【现】【吧】【。】【其】【实】【生】【活】【中】【的】【美】【是】【无】【处】【不】【在】【的】【。】【有】【位】【学】【生】【独】【辟】【蹊】【径】【,】【从】【喜】【、】【怒】【、】【哀】【、】【乐】【四】【方】【面】【选】【取】【了】【四】【件】【事】【,】【展】【示】【了】【一】【位】【老】【师】【献】【身】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【精】【神】【风】【貌】【。】【这】【位】【老】【师】【为】【学】【生】【的】【主】【动】【改】【错】【而】【高】【兴】【,】【为】【发】【现】【学】【生】【晨】【练】【掉】【队】【而】【生】【气】【,】【为】【自】【己】【未】【能】【为】【老】【父】【送】【终】【而】【伤】【怀】【,】【为】【参】【加】【学】【生】【的】【毕】【业】【典】【礼】【而】【快】【乐】【。】【独】【特】【新】【颖】【的】【四】【件】【事】【,】【生】【动】【地】【描】【绘】【出】【这】【位】【老】【师】【的】【形】【象】【,】【从】【而】【开】【辟】【了】【选】【材】【的】【新】【天】【地】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【并】【不】【仅】【指】【那】【些】【新】【奇】【、】【新】【潮】【的】【事】【。】【选】【材】【新】【颖】【,】【不】【是】【要】【学】【生】【脱】【离】【生】【活】【,】【恰】【恰】【是】【要】【他】【们】【对】【生】【活】【予】【以】【观】【照】【,】【用】【心】【体】【会】【生】【活】【。】【大】【凡】【从】【生】【活】【环】【境】【中】【选】【取】【的】【具】【有】【个】【性】【特】【点】【的】【材】【料】【都】【是】【新】【颖】【的】【,】【这】【些】【材】【料】【必】【须】【是】【从】【学】【生】【的】【心】【灵】【里】【歌】【唱】【出】【来】【的】【。】【我】【们】【的】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【、】【学】【校】【生】【活】【、】【社】【会】【生】【活】【是】【那】【么】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【,】【只】【要】【学】【生】【能】【留】【心】【体】【验】【,】【笔】【触】【何】【愁】【不】【开】【阔】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【期】【待】【着】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【中】【能】【自】【觉】【地】【遵】【循】【选】【材】【的】【可】【信】【度】【、】【准】【确】【度】【和】【有】【效】【度】【,】【能】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【好】【自】【己】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】我的母亲教案【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【次】【来】【到】【这】【座】【陌】【生】【的】【城】【市】【,】【不】【知】【道】【自】【己】【该】【何】【去】【何】【从】【。】【我】【背】【着】【沉】【重】【的】【行】【李】【,】【千】【辛】【万】【苦】【才】【办】【完】【一】【切】【入】【学】【手】【续】【,】【开】【始】【了】【新】【的】【求】【学】【之】【路】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【很】【少】【跟】【同】【学】【交】【流】【,】【相】【遇】【时】【总】【是】【低】【头】【走】【过】【,】【只】【一】【心】【沉】【浸】【在】【自】【己】【的】【世】【界】【中】【。】【在】【心】【中】【筑】【起】【一】【道】【高】【高】【的】【自】【卫】【的】【墙】【,】【四】【周】【一】【片】【漆】【黑】【,】【性】【情】【孤】【僻】【的】【我】【就】【这】【样】【被】【遗】【忘】【在】【了】【黑】【暗】【的】【角】【落】【。】【同】【学】【们】【的】【笑】【声】【传】【入】【耳】【帘】【,】【对】【我】【是】【一】【个】【讽】【刺】【,】【刺】【痛】【了】【我】【的】【耳】【膜】【。】【我】【拼】【命】【地】【学】【习】【,】【以】【看】【书】【来】【消】【磨】【时】【光】【。】【渐】【渐】【地】【,】【这】【个】【世】【界】【彻】【底】【与】【我】【隔】【绝】【,】【即】【使】【置】【身】【于】【喧】【嚣】【的】【人】【群】【,】【内】【心】【仍】【感】【孤】【寂】【;】【明】【明】【周】【围】【是】【熟】【悉】【的】【面】【孔】【,】【却】【总】【觉】【得】【陌】【生】【无】【比】【。】【这】【一】【切】【,】【在】【别】【人】【的】【眼】【中】【,】【只】【说】【明】【了】【我】【是】【一】【个】【孤】【傲】【的】【人】【。】【唯】【一】【带】【给】【我】【欣】【慰】【的】【是】【期】【末】【考】【试】【,】【我】【竟】【然】【考】【了】【全】【班】【第】【一】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【可】【不】【知】【为】【什】【么】【,】【我】【怎】【么】【也】【笑】【不】【起】【来】【,】【一】【放】【假】【便】【往】【家】【里】【赶】【,】【因】【为】【只】【有】【家】【是】【温】【馨】【的】【,】【是】【我】【停】【泊】【的】【港】【湾】【。】【回】【到】【家】【的】【感】【觉】【让】【我】【顿】【感】【欢】【欣】【。】【走】【出】【家】【门】【,】【漫】【步】【在】【夕】【阳】【的】【余】【晖】【中】【,】【乡】【村】【小】【径】【显】【得】【异】【常】【幽】【僻】【,】【不】【知】【不】【觉】【竟】【走】【到】【了】【我】【的】【母】【校】【,】【母】【校】【依】【旧】【没】【变】【,】【在】【金】【黄】【的】【夕】【阳】【中】【显】【得】【愈】【加】【壮】【美】【,】【这】【时】【,】【迎】【面】【走】【来】【一】【人】【,】【定】【睛】【一】【看】【,】【竟】【是】【小】【学】【时】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【,】【显】【然】【老】【师】【也】【认】【出】【了】【我】【,】【于】【是】【我】【们】【便】【坐】【在】【路】【旁】【的】【椅】【子】【上】【,】【相】【互】【交】【谈】【着】【彼】【此】【的】【经】【历】【,】【若】【忘】【年】【之】【交】【。】【也】【许】【是】【因】【为】【找】【到】【了】【一】【个】【倾】【诉】【对】【象】【,】【我】【将】【自】【己】【的】【烦】【恼】【一】【股】【脑】【儿】【全】【倒】【了】【出】【来】【。】【老】【师】【笑】【了】【,】【拍】【着】【我】【的】【肩】【膀】【说】【:】【“】【你】【缺】【少】【的】【不】【是】【别】【的】【,】【而】【是】【你】【没】【有】【点】【亮】【自】【己】【的】【心】【灯】【。】【”】【我】【迷】【惑】【地】【看】【着】【老】【师】【,】【“】【其】【实】【你】【是】【一】【个】【不】【错】【的】【孩】【子】【,】【只】【是】【因】【为】【换】【了】【一】【个】【陌】【生】【的】【环】【境】【,】【让】【你】【觉】【得】【难】【以】【适】【应】【,】【其】【实】【只】【需】【点】【亮】【心】【灯】【,】【让】【自】【己】【的】【心】【找】【到】【方】【向】【,】【让】【别】【人】【可】【以】【看】【到】【你】【的】【心】【,】【一】【切】【问】【题】【便】【迎】【刃】【而】【解】【了】【。】【孩】【子】【,】【看】【你】【的】【了】【,】【加】【油】【!】【”】【我】【似】【懂】【非】【懂】【地】【点】【点】【头】【。】【夕】【阳】【已】【带】【走】【了】【它】【那】【最】【后】【一】【丝】【余】【晖】【,】【夜】【幕】【缓】【缓】【笼】【罩】【了】【这】【个】【小】【乡】【村】【,】【我】【和】【老】【师】【分】【手】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【晚】【躺】【在】【床】【上】【,】【脑】【海】【里】【不】【断】【浮】【现】【着】【和】【老】【师】【谈】【话】【的】【情】【景】【,】【怀】【着】【小】【小】【的】【希】【冀】【,】【我】【很】【快】【便】【进】【入】【了】【梦】【乡】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【假】【期】【后】【,】【我】【回】【到】【学】【校】【,】【什】【么】【也】【没】【变】【,】【唯】【一】【不】【同】【的】【是】【我】【的】【脸】【上】【多】【了】【一】【抹】【微】【笑】【,】【走】【进】【宿】【舍】【我】【开】【始】【学】【会】【向】【别】【人】【问】【好】【;】【课】【间】【我】【开】【始】【学】【会】【与】【别】【人】【一】【起】【嬉】【戏】【;】【课】【堂】【上】【我】【开】【始】【学】【会】【与】【别】【人】【讨】【论】【学】【习】【。】【没】【想】【到】【,】【我】【的】【世】【界】【竟】【发】【生】【了】【翻】【天】【覆】【地】【的】【变】【化】【,】【我】【找】【回】【了】【曾】【经】【迷】【失】【的】【自】【我】【,】【找】【回】【了】【自】【信】【,】【也】【赢】【得】【了】【友】【谊】【,】【赢】【得】【了】【信】【任】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【事】【实】【雄】【辩】【地】【告】【诉】【我】【:】【在】【很】【多】【时】【候】【我】【们】【需】【要】【点】【亮】【心】【灯】【,】【用】【心】【指】【引】【着】【我】【们】【前】【进】【,】【听】【听】【心】【的】【呼】【唤】【,】【我】【们】【会】【活】【得】【更】【精】【彩】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【指】【导】【老】【师】【:】【杨】【盛】【红】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】

我的母亲教案:普畅通住宅装置义中梁首府,在特价而沽户型区间98~125㎡。标价尚不颁布匹

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【弯】【眉】【紧】【皱】【,】【朱】【唇】【半】【启】【,】【轻】【叹】【之】【声】【不】【经】【意】【间】【便】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【仿】【若】【思】【考】【,】【亦】【若】【神】【伤】【…】【…】【是】【愁】【那】【晶】【莹】【的】【玉】【镯】【,】【还】【是】【那】【华】【美】【的】【丝】【绸】【?】【是】【愁】【那】【年】【迈】【的】【老】【父】【亲】【呀】【!】【边】【关】【告】【急】【,】【父】【亲】【虽】【已】【年】【迈】【,】【可】【军】【书】【上】【的】【名】【字】【岂】【如】【儿】【戏】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【人】【山】【人】【海】【的】【市】【集】【中】【,】【一】【位】【俏】【美】【的】【少】【女】【穿】【梭】【在】【马】【市】【中】【,】【这】【姑】【娘】【为】【什】【么】【买】【马】【,】【莫】【不】【是】【夫】【君】【远】【征】【,】【需】【要】【骏】【马】【赶】【赴】【沙】【场】【?】【战】【场】【多】【难】【,】【凶】【多】【吉】【少】【,】【人】【们】【对】【姑】【娘】【投】【来】【了】【同】【情】【的】【目】【光】【,】【可】【为】【国】【捐】【躯】【,】【舍】【我】【其】【谁】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【曼】【妙】【的】【身】【躯】【怎】【舍】【得】【裹】【上】【厚】【重】【的】【铁】【铠】【?】【乌】【黑】【的】【秀】【发】【怎】【舍】【得】【曲】【卷】【于】【盔】【帽】【之】【内】【?】【两】【腮】【的】【红】【晕】【怎】【舍】【得】【轻】【拭】【于】【弹】【指】【之】【间】【?】【东】【方】【泛】【起】【了】【鱼】【肚】【皮】【一】【样】【的】【浅】【白】【色】【,】【那】【个】【家】【,】【深】【深】【地】【映】【在】【了】【那】【双】【眼】【睛】【里】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【夜】【色】【中】【她】【身】【着】【铠】【甲】【,】【与】【月】【光】【共】【舞】【,】【她】【在】【舞】【动】【什】【么】【?】【一】【支】【长】【枪】【在】【月】【光】【中】【划】【过】【一】【道】【弧】【线】【,】【清】【冷】【的】【月】【光】【下】【,】【舞】【动】【长】【枪】【间】【,】【谁】【又】【能】【理】【解】【一】【位】【替】【父】【从】【军】【的】【女】【子】【心】【中】【的】【那】【一】【份】【孤】【独】【,】【那】【一】【份】【凄】【凉】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【战】【马】【上】【,】【她】【手】【起】【刀】【落】【,】【骁】【勇】【的】【胡】【骑】【在】【这】【位】【勇】【敢】【的】【姑】【娘】【刀】【下】【也】【无】【可】【奈】【何】【。】【在】【这】【片】【沙】【场】【上】【,】【没】【有】【父】【母】【的】【陪】【伴】【,】【没】【有】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【刀】【光】【剑】【影】【,】【有】【的】【只】【是】【心】【中】【仅】【存】【的】【那】【份】【勇】【敢】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【竟】【能】【官】【至】【尚】【书】【郎】【,】【在】【金】【钱】【权】【力】【面】【前】【,】【她】【却】【悄】【然】【离】【去】【。】【她】【累】【了】【,】【她】【现】【在】【最】【需】【要】【的】【不】【是】【金】【钱】【,】【不】【是】【官】【位】【,】【她】【所】【需】【要】【的】【是】【家】【的】【温】【暖】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【是】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【花】【家】【,】【花】【木】【兰】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】

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